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Last Updated on 23 May 2019

Author: Sofia Kravaritou

CAPInv. 1235: anchistoi


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region Thessaly. Perrhaibia (Northern Thessalian Perioikoi).
iii. Site Ancient city of Phalanna.


i. Full name (original language) ἄγχιστοι (Tziafalias 2000: 100, Cf. CAPInv. 1236)
ii. Full name (transliterated) anchistoi


i. Date(s) iii BC


i. Name in other forms ἀνχιστῶν οἱ περὶ Παρμενίσκον, Anchiston hou peri Parmeniskon (CAPInv. 1234)
ii. Name elements
Kinship-related:ἄγχιστοι. The term anchistoi (nominative plural) denotes a group of the familial type, a group connected with bonds of kinship (Chantraine 1968: 16). The term is used to define in Attica the rights of kinship groups up to first or second cousin to participate in mourning and inheritance (Parker 1983: 40; cf. Mili 2015: 90). Another Thessalian group of anchistoi was located in Ancient Pharsalos (see CAPInv. 1234).
Topographical:The term anchi ('next to') was originally used in Homer to signify someone or somebody that is close (Chantraine 1968: 16). Following that perspective, Helly has argued that anchistoi were a group of people living close to each other and possessing land in the public cadastre, by their common name (Helly 1995: 316, n. 106; lately, idem, forthcoming).


i. Source(s) Unpublished. Mentioned in Tziafalias 2000: 100 (iii BC)
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Votive inscription
ii. Source(s) provenance Ancient Phalanna


iii. Worship The inscription is a dedication made by the anchistoi.
Deities worshipped Patrooi Theoi


iii. Bibliography Chantraine, P. (1968), Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque: histoire des mots. Paris.
Helly, Br. (1995), L'Etat thessalien. Aleuas le Roux, les tétrades et les tagoi. Lyon.
Helly, Br. (forthcoming), ‘La Thessalie des 'siècles obscurs': un essai d'interprétation historique’, in Mélanges offerts à Phanouria Dakoronia.
Mili, M. (2015). Religion and Society in Ancient Thessaly. Oxford: 90-91.
Parker, R. (1983). Miasma. Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion. London.
Tziafalias, A. (2000), ‘Ταύτιση του αρχαίου Μοψίου^, in P. Kalogerakou (ed.), Το Έργο των Εφορειών Αρχαιοτήτων και Νεωτέρων Μνημείων (1990-1998), Volos: 97-101.


i. Private association Possible
Note Tziafalias (2000: 100) describes the anchistoi from Phalanna as a kinship group of realtives; however, the fact that the inscription remains unpublished leaves the possibility to have a private corporation open.