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Last Updated on 24 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 1550: eran[istai]


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Laureion area (modern Agrileza)


i. Full name (original language) ἐραν[ισταί] (SEG 48: 173, ll. 6-7)
ii. Full name (transliterated) eran[istai]


i. Date(s) iv BC


i. Source(s) SEG 48: 173 (iv BC)
Note Ed. pr.:ZPE 125 (1999): 131-6
Other publications: Salliora-Oikonomakou 2004: 169, no. 124; SEG 54: 256; Kakavoyannis 2005: 74, no. 30
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek horos inscription recording the sale of a washery and slaves (?), subject to redemption, for 3.000 dr.
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble slab of almost triangular shape, broken on all sides, measuring 0.337x0.255x0.065m.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found at the bottom of a two meter deep basin of a washery, now in the Laureion Museum no. 30.


i. Comments Salliora-Oikonomakou (2004) seems to ignore the editio princeps of the text and provides a slightly different text in ll. 3 and 6.
iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Cohen, E. (1992), Athenian economy and society. A banking perspective. Princeton: 207-15.
Faraguna, M. (2012), ‘Diritto, economia, societa: riflessioni su eranos tra eta omerica e mondo ellenistico’, in B. Legras (ed.), Transferts culturels et droits dans le monde grec et hellenistique, Paris: 129-53.
Finley, M. (1951), Studies in land and credit in ancient Athens, 500-200 B.C. The Horos inscriptions. New Brunswick.
Harris, E. (2013), ‘Finley’s Studies in land and credit sixty years later’, Dike 16: 123-46.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C. Paris: 281-4.
Kakavoyannis, E. (2005), Metalla ergasima, metalla synkechoremena. He organose tes ekmetalleuses tou oruktou ploutou tes Laureotikes apo ten athenaike demokratia. Athens.
Millett, P. (1991), Lending and borrowing in ancient Athens. Cambridge.
Salliora-Oikonomakou, M. (2004), O archaios demos tou Souniou. Historike kai topographike episkopese. Athens.
Thomsen, Chr. (2015), ‘The eranistai of classical Athens’, GRBS 55: 154-75.


i. Private association Certain
Note Although it was forcibly argued by Finley 1951 and Millett 1991 that eranistai in horoi inscriptions should not be regarded as associations, I think that there are good grounds to consider these groups as private associations (see also Thomsen 2015). Firstly, in almost all cases they are identified as eranistai hoi meta… or hoi peri, an element that points to a certain embryonic or nascent collective identity. Secondly, they also pull their resources (or part of it) together to lend money, for which they acquire the legal standing as creditors, whose claim is secured. Thirdly, in case the repayment of the loan does not proceed, they may be represented in law courts.