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Last Updated on 05 Jul 2019

Author: Maria Paz de Hoz

CAPInv. 306: hieros doumos


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Lydia
iii. Site Maionia


i. Full name (original language) ἱερὸς δοῦμος (TAM V.1 536, l. 2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hieros doumos


i. Date(s) 171 / 172 AD


i. Name in other forms ἱερὰ συμβίωσις καὶ νεωτέρα, hiera symbiosis kai neotera (TAM V.1 537, l. 1)
ii. Name elements
Other:There is no specification of cult, only of its sacred and new (TAM V.1 537) character.
the name doumos alone doesn't mean more than assembly or council, though in most instances it is defined as hieros (sacred).
The word hieros doumos is attested mainly in Lydian-Phrygian Asia Minor, but there are also evidences from Thessaloniki and the Balkans, cf. Laitar 1992: 211f. (= IG X.2 860).
For the meaning and etimology of the
term cf. Buresch 1898: 59-60, 62ff. (he
thinks the origin of the name is Lydian);
Neumann 1988: 12f. (he reconstructs the
Phrygian word doumetas as "member of
the doumos, i.e. the council of men in a
village"; Voutiras 1992: 88-90 with
further references; BE 1992: 202, 314.
iii. Descriptive terms δοῦμος, doumos
συμβίωσις, symbiosis
Note doumos: TAM V.1 536, l. 2
symbiosis: TAM V.1 537, l. 1


i. Source(s) TAM V.1 536 (171/2 AD)
TAM V.1 537 (171/2 AD)
Note See also:
TAM V.1 536:
CIG 3439
LBW 668
TAM V.1 537:
CIG 3438
Online Resources TAM V.1 536
TAM V.1 537
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script TAM V.1 536 is the statement of a cult rule presented by the hieros doumos as a dedication to the gods.
TAM V.1 537 is a votive dedication to the gods by the hiera symbiosis.
i.c. Physical format(s) stele with upper iconography:
god with radiated head (probably Men Tiamu) and god with a crescent (probably Men Tyrannos) in TAM V.1 536; Men with a crescent and Zeus with eagle in TAM V.1 537.
ii. Source(s) provenance Menye (site of ancient Maionia)


iii. Members 18 members are listed in TAM V.1 537, though it is not sure if they all the members of the association. Maybe the two persons mentioned in TAM V.1 536, from the same year, as the ones erecting the stele are also members. They do not appear in the list of TAM V.1 537.
vi. Laws and rules The stele TAM V.1 536 contains a not further specified rule in relation to the cult (τηρεῖσθαι ἀπὸ ἡμερῶν θ’, tereisthai apo hemeron th’, TAM V.1 536, ll. 5-6) ("observe from the 9th day") and includes the consequence of its transgression, which is the divine wrath.


i. Number 18 members listed in TAM V.1 537 (cf. supra)
ii. Gender Men


iii. Worship Both inscriptions attesting the association are dedicated to the gods that probably protect it.
Deities worshipped Men (Kyrios) Tyrannos, Men Tiamou, Zeus Masphalatenos


i. Comments For the meaning of neotera as a "younger, maybe reformed association" (in opposition to the older
epichoric name hieros doumos) cf. Poland 1931: 1078, and parallel evidences in Ibid. 1908: 171f. Cf. the
similar interpretation of Herrmann 1962: 43 as meaning "ein jüngerer, späten gegründeter Verein". For
similar specifications in Lydia cf. ΤΑΜ V.1 92, ll. 2-3: ἡ σύνοδος τῶν νεῶν ποδαρίων (he synodos ton
neon podarion
); TAM V.1 451, ll. 1-3: ἡ νεωτέρα φράτρα τοῦ Ἀσκλεπιοῦ (he neotera phratra tou
); TAM V.1 537, l. 1: ἱερὰ συμβίωσις καὶ νεωτέρα (hiera symbiosis kai neotera); TAM V.3
1556, l. 3: νέοι φιλάνπελοι (neoi philanpeloi).
For the identification between doumos and symbiosis cf. Buresch 1898: 59. For the indentification
between symbiosis and phratra in Lydia cf. Herrmann 1962: 42f. and n. 157, with reference to
Artemidoros Daldianos (IV 44 and V 82).
iii. Bibliography Buresch, K. (1898), Aus Lydien. Epigraphisch-Geographische Reisefrüchte. Leipzig.
Herrmann, P. (1962), Ergebnisse einer Reise in Nordostlydien. Vienna: 42f. and n. 157.
de Hoz, M.-P. (1999), Die Lydischen Kulte im Lichte der griechischen Inschriften. Bonn: no. 39.67. and no. 39.68.
Keppel, G. (1831), Narrative of a Journey across the Balcan; also of a visit to Azani and other newly discovered ruins in Asia Minor (1829-30) II. London: 350-2, no. VI and 348-50, no. V.
Lajtar, A. (1992), ‘Ein zweiter Beleg für δοῦμος in Thessalonike’, ZPE 94: 211-12.
Landron, E., and Reinach, S. (1888), Voyage Archéologique en Grèce et en Asie Mineure. Paris: Taf. 136 II, cf. 117-8.
Poland, F. (1909), Geschichte des griechischen Vereinswesen. Leipzig: 171f.
Poland, F. (1931),‘Symbiosis’, RE2 4.1: 1075-89, esp. 1078.
Sokolowski, F. (1955), Lois sacrées de l'Asie Mineure. Paris: 19, with comm.
Voutiras, E. (1992), ‘Beruf- und Kultverein: ein δοῦμος in Thessalonike’, ZPE 90: 87-96, esp. 88-90.


i. Private association Probable
Note If the association is a cult association related to the attested gods it is surely a private one. There is nevertheless a possibility that the hieros doumos is a public association or institution related to different gods of the community.