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Last Updated on 08 Jul 2019

Author: Maria Paz de Hoz

CAPInv. 413: hoi eriourgoi


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Lydia
iii. Site Philadelpheia


i. Full name (original language) οἱ ἐριουργοί (TAM V.3 1490, l. 28)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi eriourgoi


i. Date(s) ii - iii AD


ii. Name elements


i. Source(s) TAM V.3 1490 (ii - iii AD)

Note See also:
CIG 3422
LBW 648
Dittmann-Schöne III.5.1

end of the 2nd. century or probably after 212 AD, because of the name Aurelius (Strubbe, pg. 57).
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorific inscriptions erected by the phyle of the woolworkers for a benefactor of the phyle and of the city. Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble base of a statue
ii. Source(s) provenance Philadelpheia


iii. Members The members of the association formed a phyle. There were other phylai named after craftsmen's associations in Philadelpheia. Cf. l. 25, TAM V.3 1491 and van Nijf 1997: 184f., 233.


i. Treasury/Funds The phyle of the eriourgoi (i.e. the association of the eirourgoi?) must have funds to erect honorific statues such as the one mentioned in the inscription.
iii. Income The benefactor Aurelios Hermippos has given 1000 denares to the phyle of the eriourgoi, as well as to the other seven phylai who have erected statues.


iv. Honours/Other activities The phyle of the eriourgoi honours Aurelios Hermippos, xystarches, priest of Artemis, a famous man, lover of his fatherland and first in everything, famous and generous archiereus, organiser of a dog competition, protarches and holder, together with his sons, of many other charges and liturgies. He has given to the city 50,000 denares for wheat and 10000 to build a sun-protection for the theatre, and has given
500,000 denares for wheat, 50,000 for the boule, 10,000 for the gerousia and 1000 for each of the seven phylai, that have erected the statues. He is euergetes of the city and of the phyle of the woolworkers. On the importance of honorific inscriptions set up by private associations in order to commemorate the relationships that they maintained with the leading members of society cf. van Nijf 1997: 73f.


i. Local interaction The phyle, and that means the association too, has honoured a very important public officer and benefactor of the city also as its own benefactor. The existence of guild tribes evidences the social and economic importance of these guilds in Philadelpehia and also in the Lydian Saittai (Dittmann-Schöne, III.3.11)
By setting up honorific inscriptions and statues on behalf of honorands chose by the boule and the gerousia, the associations appear as an executive branch of the city's political structure, as stated by van Nijf 1997: 184. For the local interaction and political significance of the craftsmen associations in Lydia cf. van Nijf 1997: 184f., 233.


iii. Bibliography Dittmann-Schöne, I. (2010), Die Berufsvereine in den Städten des kaiserzeitlichen Kleinasiens. 2nd. ed. Regensburg: 211-2.
Labarre, G., and Le Dinahet, M.-T. (1996), ‘Les métiers du textile en Asie Mineure de l' époque hellénistique à l'époque impériale’, in Aspects de l'artisanat du textile dans le monde méditerranéen, Lyon, Paris: 93f., no. 48.
van Nijf, O. (1997), The civic world of professional associations in the Roman East. Amsterdam: 184f., 233.
Strubbe, J.H.M. (1987), ‘The Sitonia in the Cities of Asia Minor under the Principate’, EA 10: 45-82, esp. 57, no. 28.
Zimmermann, C. (2002), Handwerkervereine im griechischen Osten des Imperium Romanum. Mainz: 39f., n. 300.


i. Private association Certain
Note It is a craftsmen association.