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Last Updated on 22 May 2019

Author: Sofia Kravaritou

CAPInv. 822: koinon ton boukolon


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region Thessaly. Pelasgiotis
iii. Site City of Atrax


i. Full name (original language) κοινὸν τῶν βουκόλων (SEG 35: 496, l. 1)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon ton boukolon


i. Date(s) 300 - 250 BC


ii. Name elements
Cultic:The term Boukoloi could indicate members of Dionysiac communities (Schol. Lycoph. 212).
Professional:The term Boukoloi can also indicate a group of professionals (herdsmen).
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: SEG 35: 496, l. 1


i. Source(s) SEG 35: 496 (300-250 BC)
Note See also:
BE 1988: no. 709
Online Resources SEG 35: 496
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script SEG 35: 496 is a votive inscription to the gods on behalf of the koinon ton boukolon, in honor of Eukleides, son of Sosos.
i.c. Physical format(s) SEG 35: 496: White marble stele in the form of a naiskos; the pediment is decorated with a relief shield (Heinz 1998: 329, no. cat. 281, fig. 163).
ii. Source(s) provenance SEG 35: 496: city of Atrax (now in Trikala, Inv. no. 28)


i. Archaeological remains The site of Ancient Atrax has delivered public architecture (acropolis, remains of sanctuaries and a theatre, fortification walls), as well as a rich record of public and private inscriptions, including decrees, votives, inscribed tombstones, etc (Decourt, Nielsen, Helly et al. 2004: 692).


iii. Members SEG 35: 496 lists probably the name of one of the members (Eukleides, son of Sosos).


i. Number SEG 35: 496 lists (ll. 1-2) most probably the name of one of the members (Eukleides, son of Sosos).
ii. Gender Men
Note SEG 35: 496, ll. 1-2: The honored, Eukleides, son of Sosos, is in every probability one of the members.


iii. Worship SEG 35: 496 is a votive inscription of the koinon to the gods (theois), in honour of one of its members (Eukleides, son of Sosos).
Deities worshipped Theois (gods)


iii. Bibliography Decourt, J.-C., Nielsen, Th. H., Helly, Br. et al. (2004), ‘Thessalia and adjacent regions’, in M.H. Hansen and Th.H. Nielsen (eds.), An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford: 676-731.
Heinz, M. (1998), Thessalische Votivstelen. Bochum.
Jaccottet, A.-F. (2003), Choisir Dionysos. Les associations dionysiaques ou la face cachée du dionysisme. 2 vols. Zürich.
Kontogiannis, N. (1992), ‘Ίμψιος. Ποσειδών ο Ζύγιος’, in E. Kypraiou (ed.), Διεθνές Συνέδριο για την Αρχαία Θεσσαλία στη μνήμη του Δημήτρη Θεοχάρη, Athens: 381-91.
Mili, M. (2015), Religion and Society in Ancient Thessaly. Oxford.
Tziafalias A. (1984a), ‘Ανέκδοτες Θεσσαλικές επιγραφές’, Thessaliko Hemerologio 7: 193-237.
Tziafalias A. (1984b), ‘Ανέκδοτες επιγραφές από τη Θεσσαλική πόλη Άτραγα’, Thessaliko Hemerologio 8: 177-208.


i. Private association Certain
Note The presence of the koinon of boukoloi in Atrax conforms to a private association of religious or professional character. It has been argued (Jaccottet 2003: 108-12) that the boukoloi of Atrax should be associated with the homonymous dionysiac associations known from later periods mainly from Pergamon; they used to perform dances and sing hymns in honour of Dionysus. The first editor (Tziafalias 1984a: 198) has claimed that we are dealing with a professional association of herdsmen and that the dedication made to the theoi is not related to Dionysus (cf. Kontogiannis 1992: 385 and n. 22). Recently, Mili 2015: 118 argues that the boukoloi of Atrax 'must have been a group of male dancers in honour of Dionysus' and the dedication made to the theoi does not necessarily exclude Dionysus; in that perspective, she also draws attention to the presence of a later votive phallus dedicated to Dionysus that was found in the city, possibly in the same area (Tziafalias 1984b: 195, no. 54).
ii. Historical authenticity The presence of SEG 35: 496 argues for the historical authenticity of this association.