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Last Updated on 09 Jul 2019

Author: Maria Paz de Hoz

CAPInv. 877: hieros doumos


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Lydia
iii. Site Territory between Gölde, Menye and the river Hermos


i. Full name (original language) ἱερὸς δοῦμος (TAM V.1 483a, l. 5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hieros doumos


i. Date(s) i - iii AD


i. Name in other forms Though it is probable, it is not completely sure if the term συμβιώτης, symbiotes, (l. 21-2) refers to
the membership of the hieros doumos, also known as συμβίωσις, symbiosis, (cf. TAM V.1 536, 537), or
of a different association.
ii. Name elements

The name doumos alone doesn't mean more than assembly or council, though in some instances it is defined as hieros, sacred (see XII.i Comments).
iii. Descriptive terms doumos


i. Source(s) TAM V.1 483a (i-iii AD)
Note SEG 28: 899
Online Resources TAM V.1 483a
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorary inscription post mortem to a man by his family and members of one or more associations. Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Stele
ii. Source(s) provenance Ayazviran


iv. Officials The ἱερεύς, hiereus, ‘priest’ (mentioned in TAM V.1 483a ll. 15-16) also, or maybe previously ἱερόδουλος, hierodoulos, ‘sacred slave’ who honors his συνιερόδουλος, synierodoulos, (TAM V.1 483a ll. 16-17) may be an official of the association, as well as the hierodoulos, though there is no confirmation of it.


i. Treasury/Funds The hieros doumos honors a person with a gold crown


iii. Worship If the association is a cultic one, which is possible, it is related to the worship of a god, but there is no indication about it.
iv. Honours/Other activities The epigraphic evidence attests the honor post mortem by the association to a man, whose membership in it is not explicit.


i. Comments The word hieros doumos is attested mainly in Lydian-Phrygian Asia Minor, but there are also evidences from
Thessaloniki and the Balkans, cf. Lajtar 1992: 211f. (= IG X2, 860). For the meaning and etymology of the term cf. Buresch 1898: 59-60, 62ff. (He thinks the origin of the name is Lydian); Neumann, G. (1988), Sitzungsberichte
der Öst. Ak. d. Wiss . Wien, 12f. (He reconstructs the Phrygian word doumetas as ‘member of the doumos ,
i.e. the counsil of men in a village’; Voutiras 1992: 88-90 with further references; BE 1992: 202, 314. For the possibility of hieros doumos meaning the same as symbiosis cf. TAM
V.1 536, 537.
iii. Bibliography Buresch, K. (1898), Aus Lydien: epigraphisch-geographische Reisefrüchte. Leibzig.
Petzl, G. (1978), in SRKK: Studien zur Religion und Kultur Kleinasiens. Festschrift für Fr. K. Dörner zum 65 Geburtstag. (EPRO 66). Leiden, pp. 746ff., no. 1, ph. 177.
de Hoz, M.-P. (1999), Die Lydischen Kulte im Lichte der griechischen Inschriften. Bonn, no. 63.30.
Łajtar, A. (1992), ‘Ein zweiter Beleg fur δοῦμος in Thessalonike’ ZPE 94: 211-2.
Voutiras, E (1992), ‘Berufs- und Kultverein: Ein δουμοϲ in Thessalonike’, ZPE 90: 87-96.


i. Private association Possible
Note The probability that the hieros doumos is related to a cult in some instances makes its private character
possible. Nevertheless, the name of the association is stated only as doumos, like in TAM V.1 179 and
536 (here: hieros doumos), which makes it possible that the association was a public one (cf. the
interpretation of Neumann) that worships different gods from its locality.