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Last Updated on 04 Jul 2019

Author: Annelies Cazemier

CAPInv. 904: hoi apo tou gymnasiou Eupatoristai


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Delos ?
iii. Site Delos ?


i. Full name (original language) οἱ ἀπὸ τοῦ γυμνασίου Εὐπατορισταὶ (I.Délos 1567, ll. 2-3)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi apo tou gymnasiou Eupatoristai


i. Date(s) 120 - 63 BC


ii. Name elements
Personal:Eupator -- The group is named after king
Mithradates VI Eupator. While the name
refers to a person, the ending -istai is
most commonly used in connection with
deities, and it could be argued that
Eupatoristai is used in a theophoric
sense. The letters Μ Ν Δ on the vase
have been interpreted as Μ(έγας) Ν(έος)
Δ(ιόνυσος), M(egas), N(eos), D(ionysos), and Mithradates Eupator is
known from other sources as (Neos)
Dionysos (e.g., I.Delos 1562; cf.
Bruneau 1970: 576-7).
Theophoric:Eupator ? -- See above: 'Name elements, Personal'
Other:apo tou gymnasiou


i. Source(s) I.Délos 1567 (120-63 BC)
Note old eds.:
Pococke 1745: 207 (with pl. 92, before p. 197)
CIG 2278 with Add. II p. 1039
IG XIV p. 236 (incl. drawing of inscriptions)
OGIS 367
see also:
Reinach 1890: 460, no. 10 (with pl. 3, next to p. 288)
Kotsidu 2000: 459-60, no. *340
Online Resources I.Délos 1567
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script gift or dedication
i.c. Physical format(s) bronze vase (krater), inscribed around the top, with the text following the vase's circumference (see drawing IG XIV p. 236; cf. Pococke 1745: 207, with pl. 92)
ii. Source(s) provenance Found at Antium (Italy); now at the Capitoline Museums in Rome (inv. MC1068; image on website). The attribution of the vase to Delos (cf. Pococke 1745: 207; followed, among others, by Ziebarth 1896: 116, no. 4; Poland 1909: 562, no. B 198) is far from certain (Hatzfeld 1912: 158, n. 7; Roussel and Launey in I.Délos 1567; Bruneau 1970: 577; Kotsidu 2000: 460).


ii. References to buildings/objects γυμνάσιον, gymnasion (I.Délos 1567, l. 3)


ii. Interaction abroad The inscription suggests that the Eupatoristai received the vase as a gift or dedication from king Mithradates VI Eupator of Pontus.


i. Comments The inscription is dated on the basis of the reign of Mithradates VI Eupator (120-63 BC). Reinach (1890: 460, no. 10) places the text more specifically in the period before 88 BC.

The attribution of the vase to Delos is not certain. See: 'Source(s) provenance'.
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 198
iii. Bibliography Bruneau, P. (1970), Recherches sur les cultes de Délos à l'époque hellénistique et à l'époque impériale. Paris.
Hatzfeld, J. (1912), 'Les Italiens résidant à Délos mentionnés dans les inscriptions de l'île', BCH 36: 5-218.
Kotsidu, H. (2000), Τιμή καὶ δόξα: Ehrungen für hellenistische Herrscher im griechischen Mutterland und in Kleinasien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der archäologischen Denkmäler. Berlin.
Pococke, R. (1745), A description of the East and some other countries. II.2. Observations on the islands of the archipelago, Asia Minor, Thrace, Greece, and some other parts of Europe. London.
Poland, F. (1909), Geschichte des griechischen Vereinswesens. Leipzig.
Reinach, T. (1890), Mithridate Eupator: roi de Pont. Paris.
Ziebarth, E. (1896), Das griechische Vereinswesen. Leipzig.


i. Private association Possible
Note Names ending in -istai or -astai often denote associations. The vase was not set up by the Eupatoristai, but seems to have been a gift or dedication to them. Although it is possible that this group, connected to the gymnasion, formed an association in the sense of a private organized body, it is difficult to confirm this on the basis of the available evidence. Note, moreover, that the attribution of the inscribed vase to Delos is doubtful.