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Last Updated on 18 Jan 2019

Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. GR-51: hai en Alexandreia synodoi


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Alexandria (L00)
iii. Site Alexandria


i.a. Full reference (original language) αἱ ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ σύνοδοι (P.Tebt. III.1 700, ll. 37-38)
i.b. Full reference (transliterated) hai en Alexandreia synodoi
ii. Reference context Royal Decree (quoted in the papyrus in ll. 22-55) establishing that the land of certain associations, gymnasia, and politeumata, were confiscated and put to auction by the government (cf. also CAPInv. GR-50, CAPInv. GR-52, CAPInv. GR-53, and CAPInv. 746).


i. Date(s) 125 (?) BC


i. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos


i. Source(s) P.Tebt. III.1 700 (124 BC; the Royal Decree must have been produced before 2 Thoth = 24 September 125 BC, when the sale of some properties belonging to an association in the Arsinoite nome, object of the decree, took place; cf. CAPInv. 746)
Online Resources P.Tebt. III.1 700
TM 5311
AGRW ID 20614
i.a. Source type(s) Papyrological source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Royal Decree of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II concerning the confiscation and sale by auction of properties belonging to gymnasia, politeumata, and (other) private associations.
i.c. Physical format(s) Papyrus.
ii. Source(s) provenance Tebtynis, from crocodile mummies (no. 2 and 3).


i. Comments The precise reasons for the promulgation of the decree are not clear: the passage is fragmentary and unclear, but it seems that the ownership of property of certain associations had given rise to problems which were to be fixed by alienating those properties from their owners. According to Otto and Bengtson 1938: 67-69, the measure was aimed against those associations and groups who had supported Cleopatra II against Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II during their strife to power.
iii. Bibliography Otto, W., and Bengtson, H. (1938), Zur Geschichte des Niederganges des Ptolemäerreiches. Ein Beitrag zur Regierungszeit des 8. und 9. Ptolemäers. München.


i. Private associations Certain
Note The terminology used (synodoi) and the ownership of real estate make it certain that we have here a private association.