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Last Updated on 12 Jun 2019

Author: Stella Skaltsa

CAPInv. 109: orgeones tou Herakleios tou en Komei


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Lemnos
iii. Site Kome


i. Full name (original language) ὀργεῶνες τοῦ Ἡρακλείως τοῦ ἐν Κόμει (ΑSAA 2006: 534 no. 10, ll. 4-6, 12-14)
ii. Full name (transliterated) orgeones tou Herakleios tou en Komei


i. Date(s) l. iv BC


ii. Name elements
Topographical:en Kome (it refers to the sanctuary of Herakles in the area of Kome)
iii. Descriptive terms ὀργεῶνες, orgeones
Note orgeones (l. 12)
In lines 4-5 the word is attested as ὀργειῶνες, orgeiones


i. Source(s) ASAA 2006: 534 no. 10 (l. iv BC)
Note For the most updated edition of the text see ASAA 2006: 534 no. 10.
The correct reading in lines 5 and 13 is Ἡρακλείως (Kontoleon 1902: 140 no. 2) instead of Ἡρακλεί[ου]ς (IG XII.8 19, ll. 5 and 13).
Online Resources IG XII.8 19
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Two security horoi for a chorion (tract of land) and an oikian (building). The creditors in both transactions involving hypothecation are the orgeones of Herakles in Kome. The orgeones are involved in two different transactions (first transaction: ll. 1-9; second transaction: ll. 9-16). The first transaction is dated to the archonship of Nikodoros (l. 1) and the second transaction in the archonship of Archias (l. 8).
In Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Stele
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in Kome (NE of the village Romanos in Lemnos), in the area of the temple of Herakles.


i. Archaeological remains The remains of a temple of Herakles (15 x 32 m) are preserved at foundation level in the area where the stone was found (Fredrich 1906: 251).
ii. References to buildings/objects χωρίον, chorion (tract of land) (ll. 2, 9-10)
οἰκία, oikia (building) (ll. 3-4, 10)


vi. Laws and rules κατὰ τὸ γραμματεῖον τὸ ὀργειωνικόν (kata to grammateion to orgeionikon, according to the registry or contract of orgeones) (ll. 6-7, 14-15).


ii. Realty In the first transaction (ll. 1-9) the orgeones lent 1000 drachmas for the security of a land and a building. In the second transaction (ll. 9-16) the exact amount of the loan is uncertain, for the stone in this part is partly preserved. It should have been at least 100 drachmas. The editor of IG XII.8 (following Kontoleon's restoration) restored 400 drachmas (followed by Cargill 1995: 189 no. 4; Culasso Gastaldi 2006: 533 no. 10).


i. Local interaction The financial transactions recorded in the boundary stone would suggest the interaction of the orgeones with the local community.


i. Comments The first transaction is dated to the archonship of Nikodoros. The first editor, Fredrich, identified Nikodoros with the homonymous Athenian archon of the year 314/313 BC, and he consequently dated the document to 314/313 BC. There is, however, another view that suggests that this archon should not be considered an Athenian archon but rather a local archon (of Hephaistia alone or the whole island) (Segre 1932-33; Finley 1952: 199-200; Cargill 1995; Culasso Gastaldi 2006).
The second transaction is dated to the archonship of Archias, who is thought to be a local archon (see Cargill 1995: 46-7 with further references).
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 151
iii. Bibliography Cargill, J. (1995), Athenian Settlements of the fourth century B.C.. Leiden - New York - Köln: 189 no. 2.
Culasso Gastaldi. E. (2006), 'Lemnos: I cippi di garanza', ASAA 84: 533 no. 10.
Finley, M.I. (1952), Studies in Land and Credit in Ancient Athens. New Brunswick: 148 nos. 107-108.
Fredrich, C. (1906),
'Lemnos', MDAI(A) 31: 241-256.
Kontoleon, A.E. (1902), 'Inscriptions de la Grèce d'Europe', REG 15, 132-143.
Salomon, N. (1997), Le cleruchie di Atene. Pisa: 172-3 no. 4.
Segre, M. (1932-33), 'Iscrizioni greche di Lemno', ASAA 3-5: 289-314.


i. Private association Certain
Note The term orgeones denotes a cultic group that saw its own religious affairs. The durability and organization of the group is suggested by the group's involvement in financial transactions which were bound to a contract (kata to grammateion to orgeonikon).