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Last Updated on 03 Jul 2019

Author: Annelies Cazemier

CAPInv. 12: to koinon ton Tyrion Herakleiston emporon kai naukleron


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Delos
iii. Site Delos


i. Full name (original language) τὸ κοινὸν τῶν Τυρίων Ἡρακλειστῶν ἐμπόρων καὶ ναυκλήρων (I.Délos 1519, ll. 35-6)
ii. Full name (transliterated) to koinon ton Tyrion Herakleiston emporon kai naukleron


i. Date(s) 149 / 148 BC


i. Name in other forms τὸ κοινὸν τῶν Τυρίων ἐμπόρων καὶ ναυκλήρων, to koinon ton Tyrion emporon kai naukleron (I.Délos 1519, ll. 40-1) -- shorter, without Herakleistai.

ἡσύνοδοςτῶν Τυρίων ἐμπόρων καὶ ναυκλήρων, esynodoston Tyrion emporon kai naukleron (I.Délos 1519, ll. 49-50; cr. 2) -- shorter, without Herakleistai, and using the term synodos instead of koinon.

ἑκάστωι τῶν πλοιζομέ[νων] ἐμπόρων καὶναυκλήρων ekastoi ton ploizome[non] emporon kai naukleron (I.Délos 1519, ll. 9-10).
ii. Name elements
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
σύνοδος, synodos
θίασος, thiasos
Note κοινόν, koinon (I.Délos 1519, l. 12; 35; cf. 7-8)
σύνοδος, synodos (I.Délos 1519, l. 6; 8; 19; 24; 28; 31-2; 34)
θίασος, thiasos (I.Délos 1519, l. 26)


i. Source(s) I.Délos 1519 (149/8 BC: see 'Comments')
Note old eds.:
CIG 2271
Foucart 1873: 223-5, no. 43
see also:
Durrbach, Choix 85
Trümper 2011: 78, no. 12
AGRW 223 (incl. English translation)
Online Resources I.Délos 1519
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorary decree. Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) marble stele


ii. References to buildings/objects Buildings/locations:
ἐν τῶι ἱερῶι τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος, en toi hieroi tou Apollonos (I.Délos 1519, l. 2)
τόπος ἐν ὧι κατασκευάσουσιν τέμενος Ἡρακλέους, topos en hoi kataskeuasousin temenos Herakleous (I.Délos 1519, ll. 13-14)
ἐν τῶι τεμένει τοῦ Ἡρακλέους, en toi temenei toy Herakleous (I.Délos 1519, ll. 42-3; 52-3)
ἀλλαχῆ οὗ ἂν αὐτὸς βούληται allache ou an autos bouletai (I.Délos 1519, l. 43)

χρύσος στέφανος, chrysos stephanos (I.Délos 1519, ll. 37-8)
εἰκών γραπτὴ, eikon grapte (I.Délos 1519, l. 42)
στήλην λιθίνην, stelen lithnen (I.Délos 1519, l. 52)


ii. Leadership ἀρχιθιασίτης, archithiasites (I.Délos 1519, ll. 3, 46, 54, 55), named Dionysios, son of Dionysios; he acted as proposer of the decree (ll. 2-3).
iii. Members τῶν ἐκ τῆς συνόδου, ton ek tes synondou (I.Délos 1519, ll. 4; 31-2)
τῶν θιασιτῶν, ton thiasiton (I.Délos 1519, l. 21)
iv. Officials ταμίας, tamias (I.Délos 1519, ll. 46, 54)
γραμματεύς, grammateus (I.Délos 1519, l. 47)
ἱερατεύων, hierateuon (I.Délos 1519, l. 57), named Patron son of Dorotheos


i. Assemblies ἐκκλησία, ekklesia (I.Délos 1519, ll. 1-2; 5), held at the sanctuary of Apollo
ii. Meetings and events συνόδοις πάσαις, synodois pasais (I.Délos 1519, l. 45)
ἐν ταῖς γινομέναις θυσίαις καὶ συνόδοις, en tais ginomenais thysiais kai synodois (I.Délos 1519, ll. 47-8)

iii. Worship ἐν ταῖς συντε[λου]μέναις θυσίαις τῶι Ποσειδῶνι, en tais synte[lou]menais thysiais toi Poseidoni (I.Délos 1519, ll. 38-9)
ἐν ταῖς γινομέναις θυσίαις, en tais ginomenais thysiais (I.Délos 1519, ll. 47-8)
Deities worshipped Herakles
iv. Honours/Other activities The synodos honoured Patron, son of Dorotheos, one of the members of the association (I.Délos 1519, l.
4: hoi ek tes synodou) who served as priest (ll. 57-8: hierateuon) when the decree was passed.

The reasons for the honours (ll. 4-27). Patron, son of Dorotheos, was honoured for having undertaken an embassy to the Athenians, where he had proposed the erection of a sanctuary to Herakles on behalf of the synod. He was honoured by both the association and the people of Athens for having done good by both from his own resources out of love of humanity and love of honour.

The honours awarded to Patron by the association (ll. 35-54). Patron was to be crowned with a golden crown each year at the performance of sacrifices to Poseidon, an image was to be placed in the sanctuary of Herakles (presumably the one in Athens, since the Athenians were a part of the honourands, but this is not expressed clearly), as well as at a separate location of his choice. He would be free from paying his share as well as free from service in regards to the synod. The synod advertised their proclamation and erected the decree to be placed in the sanctuary of Herakles, which would be paid by the treasurer and the head of the society.

The advertisement of the honours awarded to Patron by the association (ll. 45-51).


i. Comments The decree was passed on the eighth of the month Elaphebolion, when Phaidrias was archon (I.Délos
1519, l. 1). While initially Phaidrias' archonship was dated to 153/2 BC, it has also been dated to 149/8 BC (Trümper 2011, p. 55n.21-22; cf. AGRW 223 and Habicht 1988, p. 240).
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 166a
iii. Bibliography Foucart, P.F. (1873), Des associations religieuses chez les Grecs: thiases, éranes, orgéons. Paris.
Habicht, C. (1988), ‘The Eponymous Archons of Athens from 159/8 to 141/0 B. C.’ in Hesperia 57.3. 237-247.
Trümper, M. (2011), ‘Where the non-Delians met in Delos: the meeting-places of foreign associations
and ethnic communities in late Hellenistic Delos’, in O.M. van Nijf and R. Alston (eds.) Political culture
in the Greek city after the classical age, Leuven: 49-100.


i. Private association Certain
Note The descriptive term and the wellknown character and activity of this association guarantees its private status.