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Last Updated on 24 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 1536: eranistai hoi meta Theopeithous


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Spata (modern toponym)


i. Full name (original language) ἐρανισταὶ οἱ μετὰ Θεοπείθους (IG II2 2701 ll. 10-11)
ii. Full name (transliterated) eranistai hoi meta Theopeithous


i. Date(s) e. iv - e. ii BC


ii. Name elements
Personal:meta Theopeithous


i. Source(s) IG II2 2701 (e. iv - e. ii BC)
Note Ed. pr. MDAI (A) 12 (1887) 88 no. 32.
Other publications: RIJG i 114 no. 50; Syll3 1196; Michel 1374; Finley (1951: no. 32).
Cf. SEG 46.770-773.
Online Resources IG II2 2701
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek horos inscription recording two sales with the right of redemption (500 dr. and 130 dr.) and a mortgage on the same property.
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble cippus measuring 0,48x0,37x0,09m.
ii. Source(s) provenance Seen in a private residence, built in the door at Spata.


ii. Leadership On the basis of the expression meta Theopeithous in the name of the group, perhaps Theopeithes (Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (11) ) was the leader.


ii. Poland concordance Poland A 43
iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Cohen, E. (1992), Athenian economy and society. A banking perspective. Princeton: 207-15.
Faraguna, M. (2012), ‘Diritto, economia, societa: riflessioni su eranos tra eta omerica e mondo ellenistico’, in B. Legras (ed.), Transferts culturels et droits dans le monde grec et hellenistique, Paris: 129-53.
Finley, M. (1951), Studies in land and credit in ancient Athens, 500-200 B.C. The Horos inscriptions. New Brunswick.
Harris, E. (2013), ‘Finley’s Studies in land and credit sixty years later’, Dike 16: 123-46.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 281-4.
Millett, P. (1991), Lending and borrowing in ancient Athens. Cambridge.
Thomsen, Chr. (2015), ‘The eranistai of classical Athens’, GRBS 55: 154-75.


i. Private association Certain
Note Although it was forcibly argued by Finley 1951 and Millett 1991 that eranistai in horoi inscriptions should not be regarded as associations, I think that there are good grounds to consider these groups as private associations (see also Thomsen 2015). Firstly, in almost all cases they are identified as eranistai hoi meta… or hoi peri, an element that points to a certain embryonic or nascent collective identity. Secondly, they also pull their resources (or part of it) together to lend money, for which they acquire the legal standing as creditors, whose claim is secured. Thirdly, in case the repayment of the loan does not proceed, they may be represented in law courts.