Stable URL: as PDF
Last Updated on 24 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 1545: eranistai hoi meta Epitelous


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Laurion area (mod. Soureza)


i. Full name (original language) ἐρανισταὶ οἱ μετὰ Ἐπιτέλους (SEG 32: 236, ll. 4-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) eranistai hoi meta Epitelous


i. Date(s) m. iv BC


ii. Name elements
Personal:meta Epitelous


i. Source(s) SEG 32: 236 (m. iv BC)
Note Ed. pr. Conophagos (1980: 389 no. 2).
Other publications: Salliora-Oikonomakou (2004: 169 no. 128); Kakavoyannis (2005: 72 no. 3).
Cf. SEG 40: 175, SEG 50: 177.
Online Resources SEG 32: 236
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek horos of the workshop and the slaves sold subject to redemption for 1110 dr.
i.c. Physical format(s) A plaque of limestone measuring 0,35x0,31x0,09m.
ii. Source(s) provenance It was found in the excavation of the ‘Asklepiakon’ mine in the valley of Soureza. Now in the Laureion museum, no. 16.


ii. Leadership On the basis of the expression meta Epitelous in the name of the group, perhaps Epiteles (Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (6)) was the leader.


iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Cohen, E. (1992), Athenian economy and society. A banking perspective. Princeton: 207-15.
Conophagos, C. (1980), Le Laurium antique. Athens.
Faraguna, M. (2012), ‘Diritto, economia, societa: riflessioni su eranos tra eta omerica e mondo ellenistico’, in B. Legras (ed.), Transferts culturels et droits dans le monde grec et hellenistique, Paris: 129-53.
Finley, M. (1951), Studies in land and credit in ancient Athens, 500-200 B.C. The Horos inscriptions. New Brunswick.
Harris, E. (2013), ‘Finley’s Studies in land and credit sixty years later’, Dike 16: 123-46.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 281-4.
Kakavoyannis, E. (2005), Metalla erasima kai synkechoremena. He organossi tes ekmetalleuses tou oruktou ploutou tes Laureotikes apo ten Athenaike demokratia. Athena.
Millett, P. (1991), Lending and borrowing in ancient Athens. Cambridge.
Salliora-Oikonomakou, M. (2004), O archaios demos tou Souniou. Historike kai topographike episkopese. Athena.
Thomsen, Chr. (2015), ‘The eranistai of classical Athens’, GRBS 55: 154-75.


i. Private association Certain
Note Although it was forcibly argued by Finley 1951 and Millett 1991 that eranistai in horoi inscriptions should not be regarded as associations, I think that there are good grounds to consider these groups as private associations (see also Thomsen 2015). Firstly, in almost all cases they are identified as eranistai hoi meta… or hoi peri, an element that points to a certain embryonic or nascent collective identity. Secondly, they also pull their resources (or part of it) together to lend money, for which they acquire the legal standing as creditors, whose claim is secured. Thirdly, in case the repayment of the loan does not proceed, they may be represented in law courts.