|i.||Geographical area||Aegean Islands|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/175Download as
Last Updated on 12 Jun 2019
CAPInv. 175: to koinon ton peri ton Dionyson techniton ton ep' Ionias kai Hellespontou kai ton peri ton kathegemona Dionyson
|i.||Full name (original language)||τὸ κοινόν τῶν περὶ τόν Διόνυσων τεχνιτῶν τῶν ἐπ᾽ Ἰωνίας καὶ Ἑλλησπόντου καὶ τῶν περὶ τὸν καθηγεμόνα Διόνυσον (IG XI.4 1061 + IG XI.4 1136)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||to koinon ton peri ton Dionyson techniton ton ep' Ionias kai Hellespontou kai ton peri ton kathegemona Dionyson|
|i.||Date(s)||171 - 167 BC|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|i.||Name in other forms||
τὸ κοινὸν τῶν περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον τεχνιτῶν, to koinon ton peri ton Dionyson techniton (IG XI. 4 1061, ll. 9-10, 21, 29; IG XI.4 1136, l. 4 (restored: [techniton])
τὸ κοινὸν τῶν τεχνιτῶν, to koinon ton techniton (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 26-27) (restored: [ton koinon ton te])
ἡ σύνοδος, he synodos (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 7, 17, 30)
ἡ σύνοδος τῶν τεχνιτῶν, he synodos ton techniton (IG XI.4 1061, l. 36)
IG XI.4 1061 (ca. 171-167 BC)
IG XI.4 1136 (ca. 171-167 BC)
Aneziri 2003: D 10
Le Guen 2001: TE 45
For the date see Le Guen 2007: 260.
IG XI.4 1061
IG XI.4 1136
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||
IG XI.4 1136: honorary inscription in Greek for Kraton son of Zotichos by the Ionian-Hellespontine association of the Dionysiac technitai and those gathered around Dionysos Kathegemon (Pergamene branch created after 188 BC).
IG XI.4 1061: honorific decree for Kraton son of Zotichos by the Ionian-Hellespontine association of the Dionysiac technitai and those gathered around Dionysos Kathegemon.
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Marble stele . H. 74 x W. 71.5 x Th. 4.6 cm. The stele is inscribed with the dedication (above) and the decree (below).|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||Found in Delos (now in the Louvre).|
VI. BUILT AND VISUAL SPACE
|ii.||References to buildings/objects||
ἐν Τέωι ἐν τῶι θεάτρωι, en Teoi en to theatroi (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 23).
εἰκόνες, eikones (portrait statues) (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 22 [restored], 32, 34).
τόπος, topos (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 33, 36)
|iii.||Members||τὸ πλῆθος τῶν τεχνιτῶν, to plethos ton techniton (IG XI.4 1061, l. 4)|
ἱερεύς τοῦ Διονύσου, hiereus tou Dionysou (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 2, 4-5)
ἱεροσύνη, hierosyne (IG XI.4 1061, l. 3)
agonothetes (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 3, 5)
Kraton held the priesthood of Dionysos and the agonothesia. He then went on holding these offices for a second time, by special concession; the plethos of the technitai found him fit to this office/ honour (times, IG XI.4 1061, l. 8). He surpassed his predecessors in the office of agonothesia on account of choregia (donation), dapani (expenditure) and megaloprepeia (magnanimity) (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 5-6).
|Known practice of appointment||elected|
|iv.||Status||Kraton, son of Zotichos, was aulos-player (auletes). Kraton, an eminent member of the Ionic-Hellespontine association of the technitai and those gathered around Dionysos Kathegemon, is known from nine inscriptions (see Le Guen 2007 for Kraton's career, network and wealth).|
After 152 BC Kraton was granted citizenship by Pergamon. He was close in the circles of the Pergamene court (Eumenes II and Attalos II). He was connected to various associations:
τὸ κοινὸν τῶν συναγωνιστῶν, to koinon ton synagoniston (CAPInv. 1796)
τὸ κοινὸν τῶν Ἀτταλιστῶν, to koinon ton Attaliston (CAPInv. 1692)
τὸ κοινὸν τῶν ἐν Ἰσθμῷ καὶ Νεμέᾳ τεχνιτῶν, to koinon ton en Isthmo kai Nemea techniton
Kraton was honoured by the association of the Dionysiac technitai of Ionia and the Hellespont, and those gathered around Dionysos Kathegemon.
He was granted the honorific title euergetes for all his benefactions (euergetemata).
He was crowned with a wreath ek tou nomou (l. 20) for his virtue (aretes) and goodwill (eunoias) towards the association. The crown was to be announced for the rest of his life by the agonothetes in the theatre in the day of the panegyris (festival organized by the technitai). The proclamation of the crown would follow that of the civic communities (meta ton demon).
Kraton was honoured with three portraits (eikones):
- one was erected in the theatre of Teos. This was to be crowned during the festivals celebrated by the civic community itself, i.e. in the festival of the Dionysia and in all other festivals (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 28-9).
- the second one was to be erected on Delos, so that the technitai who happen to be present might crown it.
- the third one was to be erected in a location chosen by Kraton himself.
These honour would stand as a permanent record of his eusebeia (piety) towards the gods, philodoxia in his dealings with kings and queens, and of his goodwill (eunoia) toward the brothers of king Eumenes and the Dionysiac technitai (ll. 31-34).
οἱ τεχνίται, hoi technitai (IG XI.4 1061, ll. 12, 13, 25): it refers to all technitai (see Aneziri 2003: 280, following Nachtergael's view, 1977: 381).
|ii.||Poland concordance||Poland Δ 11|
Aneziri, S. (2003), Die Vereine der dionysischen Techniten im Kontext der hellenistischen Gesellschaft: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte, Organisation und Wirkung der hellenistischen Technitenvereine. Stuttgart.
Daux, G. (1935), 'Craton, Eumène II et Attale II', BCH 59: 210-30.
Le Guen, B. (2001), Les associations de technites dionysiaques à l’époque hellénistique. Paris.
Le Guen, B. (2007) 'Kraton, Son of Zotichos: Artists' Associations and Monarchic Power in the Hellenistic Period', in P. Wilson (eds.), Greek Theatre and Festivals: Documentary Studies: 246-78.
|Note||The Dionysiac technitai present all features of a private association. The internal organization of the Dionysiac technitai has been meticulously established in modern scholarship.|