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Last Updated on 02 Mar 2017

Author: Maria-Gabriella Parissaki

CAPInv. 1760: cultores deorum Serapis et Isidis


i. Geographical area Macedonia
ii. Region Edonis
iii. Site Philippi


i. Full name (original language) cultores deorum Serapis et Isidis (Bélaz 2014: no. 134, ll. 6-8)
ii. Full name (transliterated) cultores deorum Serapis et Isidis


i. Date(s) ii - iii AD


i. Name in other forms Brélaz 2014: no. 54, ll. 5-6 : οἱ θρησκευτὲ τοῦ Σέραπι, hoi threskeute tou Serapi.
Brélaz 2014: no. 55, ll. 8-9: οἱ θρησκευτέ, hoi threskeute.
ii. Name elements
Cultic:cultores, threskeutai
Theophoric:deorum Serapis et Isidis


i. Source(s) Brélaz 2014: no. 54 (iii AD)
Brélaz 2014: no. 55 (iii AD)
Brélaz 2014: no. 134 (ii - iii AD)
Note See also:
Brélaz 2014: no. 54: Philippi II 307/G410; RICIS 113/1009.
Brélaz 2014: no. 55: Philippi II 311/G411; RICIS 113/1010.
Brélaz 2014: no. 134: Philippi II 252/L467; RICIS 113/1008.
Online Resources Brélaz 2014: no. 54: Lemerle 1935: 140 and AGRW ID 23828 and TM126839
Brélaz 2014: no. 55: Lemerle 1935: 141 and AGRW ID 23831 and TM 126842
Bélaz 2014: no. 134: AGRW ID 15734 and TM 120939
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorary Inscriptions.
Brélaz 2014: no. 54 and 55 in Greek;
Brélaz 2014: no. 134 in Latin.
i.c. Physical format(s) Brélaz 2014: no. 134: Marble base (1.10 X 0.95 X 0.53).
Brélaz 2014: no. 54: Marble base (1.61 X 0.85 X 0.83).
Brélaz 2014: no. 55: Marble base (1.01 X 0.44 X 0.43).
ii. Source(s) provenance All three inscriptions seem to have been set up in a central area close to the forum of Philippi. The first was seen in 1935 in the area of the macellum; the other two were found reused in the area of Basilica B.


iv. Officials γυμνασίαρχος, gymnasiarchos (Brélaz 2014: no. 55, l. 5-6)
ἀρχιερεύς archiereus (Brélaz 2014: no. 55, l.7)
ἀγωνοθέτης, agonothetes (Brélaz 2014: no. 55, ll. 9-12: τὸν ἴδιον ἀγωνοθέτην τῶν μεγάλων Ἀσκληπείων, ton idion agonotheten ton megalon Asklepeion).

It is not clear whether these titles should be interpreted in the realm of the colony's institutions or of those of the association. Lemerle (1935: 144-5) considered that Hermadion was the γυμνασίαρχος, gymnasiarchos, of the association but the ἀρχιερεύς, archiereus of the imperial cult; but Collart 1937: 453 and Brélaz 2014: 171 consider that these two titles should not be dissociated and that both refer to the association. The title ἀρχιερεύς, archiereus, is now attested in an association of devotees of the Egyptian Gods from Maroneia, see CAPInv. 739. For the ἀγωνοθέτης, agonothetes, to be clearly differentiated from the title of munerarius occurring in the cursus honorum of the third honorand, see Colart 1937: 453 and Brélaz 2014: 171-2.


iv. Status For the status of the honorands, who may have been members of the association, see section XI.i.
v. Relations The two honorands of Brélaz 2014: no. 54 and Brélaz 2014: no. 55 –who may also have been members of the association– were father and son.


i. Local interaction All three honorands seem to have been prominent figures of Philippi's society. Lucius Valerius Priscus (Brélaz 2014: no. 134) held many positions in the colony's municipal life and he is also mentioned as munerarius. His link with the cultores is not specified in the text; he may have been a member and a benefactor. Collart 1937: 429 suggests the restitution of the phrase: [l(oco) a(signato) dec(reto) dec(urionum)] at the end of the text, while Brélaz (2014: p. 289) suggests [patrono b(ene) m(erenti) f(aciendum) c(uraverunt)].

The honorand of Brélaz 2014: no. 54, Q. Flavius Hermadion, may have been a member of the equestrian order, as indicated by the titles ἀξιολογώτατος, axiologotatos, and κράτιστος, kratistos.


i. Comments A certain chronological distance among the three inscriptions has been postulated on the evidence of language (Latin versus Greek) and of letter forms; thus, a date at the end of the second century AD or the very beginning of the third century AD has been suggested for the Latin inscription Brélaz 2014: no. 134, while of the two inscriptions in Greek, Brélaz 2014: no. 54 seem earlier than Brélaz 2014: no. 55; both these texts are dated in the course of the third century AD.
iii. Bibliography Brélaz, C. (2014), Corpus des inscriptions grecques et latines de Philippes, Tome II: La colonie romaine, Partie 1: La vie publique de la colonie. Paris.
Collart, P. (1929), ‘Le sanctuaire des dieux égyptiens à Philippes’, BCH 53: 70-100.
Collart, P. (1937), Philippes, ville de Macédoine, depuis ses origines jusqu'à la fin de l'époque romaine. Paris.
Collart, P. (1938), ‘Inscriptions de Philippes’, BCH 62: 409-32, esp. 428-31, no. 10, fig. 5 (for Brélaz 2014: no. 134).
Lemerle, P. (1935), ‘Inscriptions latines et grecques de Philippes’, BCH 59: 126-64, esp. 140-147, no 40, fig. 4.
Pilhofer, P. (2009), Philippi, Band II: Katalog der Inschriften von Philippi. 2nd edn. Tübingen.
Tsochos, C. (2002), ‘Το ιερό των Αιγυπτίων Θεών και η λατρεία τους στους Φιλίππους μέσα από το επιγραφικό υλικό. Πρώτες παρατηρήσεις’, ΑΕΜΘ 16: 83-94.


i. Private association Certain
Note On the evidence of the group's distinctive name, collective action and durability.