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Last Updated on 13 Jun 2019

Author: Stella Skaltsa

CAPInv. 216: to koinon ton melanephoron


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Delos
iii. Site Delos


i. Full name (original language) τὸ κοινὸν τῶν μελανηφόρων (IG XI.4 1226 cr 2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) to koinon ton melanephoron


i. Date(s) e. iii BC


ii. Name elements
Cultic:melanephoroi: this word relates to officials in the cult of the Isis, the bearer of black garments, who may have been involved in a mourning song for the death of Osiris (Bricault 2013: 291). The word is also attested in the textual evidence as an epithet of Isis, called Isis Melanephoros (Orphica 42.9).


i. Source(s) IG XI.4 1226, cr 2 (e. ii BC)
Note CE no. 21
RICIS 202/0135
Bricault 2013: 289 no. 92a
AGRW 111
Online Resources IG XI.4 1226

AGRW 111 ID 7474
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Thank-offering by Kineas son of Agorallos to Saparpis, Isis and Anubis.
Kineas was crowned by three associations, to koinon ton melanephoron, to koinon ton therapeuton (CAP Inv. 215), (CAP. Inv. 216) and ho thiasos ho ton Sarapiaston (CAP Inv. 217).
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble slab broken into two fragments (H. 32 x L. 151 x Th. 18 cm). It constitutes the middle part of a long pedestal (4.50m long), originally consisting of four slabs (only the three are extant, whereas the fourth slab to the left is missing). Each slab is carved with a wreath. The names of three associations in Greek that crowned Kineas are incised within each wreath.
ii. Source(s) provenance Sarapieion B


i. Archaeological remains Sarapieion B (GD 96) lies in the Inopos river valley, on a terrace west of the Sanctuary of the Oriental Gods. It was probably constructed at the end of the 3rd or the beginning of the 2nd c. BC, as suggested by a dedication that dates to 196 BC (CAP Inv. 222). It seems to have fallen out of use sometime in the period of the Second Athenian Occupation.
Sarapieion B may not have operated as a sanctuary of Sarapis but rather as a meeting place of associations centered around the cult of the Egyptian gods, appropriately equipped with dining facilities for banquets.


iv. Status Kineas son of Agorallos was a Delian.
v. Relations Kineas should probably be identified with the homonymous priest Kineas in IG XI.4 1260 (RICIS no. 202/0136); 1258 (RICIS no. 202/0137); IG XI.4 1261 (RICIS no. 202/0138). All inscriptions attesting to Kineas were found in Sarapieion B.


iii. Worship Thank-offering (charisterion, IG XI.4 1226, l. 1) to Sarapis, Isis and Anubis.
Deities worshipped Sarapis
iv. Honours/Other activities To koinon ton melanephoron crowned Kineas. He was also crowned by ho thiasos ho ton Sarapiaston (CAP Inv. 217) and to koinon ton therapeuton (CAP Inv. 215).


i. Comments Sarapieion B has yielded a number of inscriptions attesting to six associations, active within its premises (CAP Inv. 215; CAP Inv. 216; CAP Inv. 217; CAP Inv. 218; CAP Inv. 219; CAP Inv. 222). All inscriptions date to the first half of the 2nd c. BC. A certain degree of connectivity is to be noted among the various associations on the basis of individuals who were members of more than one association (see esp. CAP Inv. 218).
iii. Bibliography Bricault, L. (2013), Les cultes isiaques dans les monde gréco-romain. Documents réunis, traduits et commentés. Paris.


i. Private association Certain
Note The name (koinon ton melanephoron) suggests that this group is a private association.