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Last Updated on 21 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 240: orgeonike synodos


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Piraeus


i. Full name (original language) ὀργεωνικὴ σύνοδος (IG II2 2361, ll. 14-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) orgeonike synodos


i. Date(s) 196 - 206 AD


ii. Name elements
iii. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos
Note synodos: IG II2 2361, ll. 14-5


i. Source(s) IG II2 2361 (196 - 206 AD)
Note Ed. pr.: Athenaion 5 (1876) 426. (APMA 1, 69 no. 340)
Other publications: Syll3 1111; GRA I 52.
The inscription is written on two sides of the monument.
Cf. SEG 55: 265. BE 1961, no. 264; 1987, no. 573.
Online Resources IG II2 2361
AGRW ID 3963
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script List of orgeones and their officials, in Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Hermaic stele with a beardless youth's head on top, measuring 1,38x0,20m.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in Piraeus, district of Hydraiika, now in the National Museum, Sculptures 1629.


iii. Members Members are referred to as ὀργεῶναι, orgeonai, ll. 8, 18.
iv. Officials Life-long priest (ἱερεὺς διὰ βίου, hiereus dia biou, l. 10).
Father of the synodos of orgeones (πατὴρ ὀργεωνικῆς συνόδου, pater orgeonikes synodou, ll. 14-15).
Life-long priestess of Oraia (ἱέρεια Ὀραίας διὰ βίου, hiereia Oraias dia biou, l. 68).
Priestess of Aphrodite (ἱέρεια Ἀφροδίτης, hiereia Aphrodites, l. 73).
Priestess of Syrian goddess (ἱέρεια Συρίας θεοῦ, hiereia Syrias theou, l. 76).
v. Other staff Hymn singer (ὑμνητής, hymnetes, ll. 3-4).
Bouncer (ἵππος, hippos, l. 16).
Ankon-bearer (ἀνκωνοφόρος, ankonophoros, ll. 8-9).
ἱέρεια ἡ περριράπτρια, hiereia he perrirhaptria, l. 12.
ἐπιθέτης, epithetes, l. 17.
Crown bearer (στεφανηφόρος, stephanephoros, l. 71).


ii. Gender Men
Note There are forty-two names of which 24 belong to men and 18 to women.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status Members were both citizens and foreigners: 30 citizens, 1 foreigner and 11 unidentified. See Baslez 2004: 106-7.
v. Relations There is evidence for individuals belonging to 4 families. In particular:
Γλύκη Ἑρμέρωτος ἐκ Γαργηττίων, Gluke Hermerotos ek Gargettion, (l. 50) and Ἑρμέρως Ἀσμένου Γαργή, Hermeros Asmenou Garge, (l. 19).
Μηνόφιλος Μηνοφίλου Μελιτεύς, Menophilos Menophilou Meliteus, (ll. 17-18 or 28) and Νείκη Μηνοφίλου ἐκ Μελιτέων, Neike Menophilou ek Meliteon, (ll. 74-75).
Ἔρως Σμαράγδου Ἀραφήνιος, Eros Smargdou Araphenios, (l. 11) and Παιδέρως Ἔρωτος Ἀραφήνιος, Paideros Erotos Araphenios, (l. 25).
Ἀγήσανδρος Φίλωνος Δαιδα, Agesandros Philonos Daida, (l. 20), Εὐφρόσυνος Φίλωνος Δαιδαλ., Euphrosynos Philonos Daidal., (l. 24), Εύφροσύνη Φίλωνος ἐκ Δαιδαλιδῶν, Euphrosyne Philonos ek Daidalidon, (ll. 42-43), Ὑψίστη Φίλωνος ἐκ Δαιδαλιδῶν, Hypsiste Philonos ek Daidalidon, (ll. 56-57), and Τυχαρὼ Φίλωνος ἐκ Δαιδαλιδῶν, Tycharo Philonos ek Daidalidon, (ll. 69-70).
Perhaps also Βάκχις, Bakchis, (l. 31) and Εὐφραντᾶς, Euphrantas, (l. 34) are sons of the same Εὐτυχίδης, Eutychides.
See Baslez 2004: 109-10.


iii. Worship From the title of the religious officials of the group we can deduce that they worshipped.
Deities worshipped Εὐπορία θεὰ Βελήλα, Euporia thea Belela, καὶ τῶν περὶ αὐτὴν θεῶν, kai ton peri auten theon, (i.e. Ἀφροδείτη, Aphrodeite; Συρία θεός, Syria theos; Ὀραία, Oraia).


i. Comments The list was inscribed in the archonship of Klaudios Phokas of Marathon.
ii. Poland concordance Poland A7
iii. Bibliography Baslez, M.-F. (2004), ‘Les notables entre eux. Recherches sur les associations d’Athènes à l’époque romaine’ in Follet, S. (ed.), L’Hellénisme d’époque romaine: Nouveaux documents, nouvelles approches (Ier s. a.C. – IIIe s. p.C.) (Actes du colloque international à la mémoire de Louis Robert, Paris, 7-8 juillet 2000). Paris: 105-20.
Byrne, S. (2003), Roman citizen of Athens. Leuven: 509.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 359.


i. Private association Certain
Note The association displays all the hallmarks of a private association: distinct name, membership, organization, property and durability.