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Last Updated on 21 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 270: koinon ton thiasoton


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Salamis


i. Full name (original language) κοινὸν τῶν θιασωτῶν, (IG II2 1317, l. 4; IG II2 1317b, 6; SEG 2: 10, ll. 4, 6)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon ton thiasoton


i. Date(s) 272 - 248 BC


ii. Name elements
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: IG II2 1317, l. 4; IG II2 1317b, 6; SEG 2: 10, ll. 4, 6.


i. Source(s) IG II2 1317 (272/1 BC)
IG II2 1317b (249/8 BC)
SEG 2: 10 (251/0 BC)
Note Ed. pr.
IG II2 1317: CIG 109.
IG II2 1317b: An.Ép. 1915: 1.
SEG 2: 10: Keramopoulos 1923, 112.
Other publications:
IG II2 1317: Lueders no. 31; Michel no. 1557; Osborne 2004-2009, 658 no. 1 (= SEG 59: 151)
IG II2 1317b: Michel no. 1879; Osborne 2004-2009, 661 no. 3 (= SEG 59: 153)
SEG 2: 10 : Michel no. 1881; Osborne 2004-2009, 660 no. 2 (SEG 59: 152).
Cf. SEG 3: 127; SEG 44: 69; SEG 53: 9, 31 and 162. BE 1926, p. 266; 1938, no. 83; 2011, no. 236.
Online Resources IG II2 1317 and AGRW ID 22907
IG II2 1317b and AGRW ID 22919
SEG 2.10 and AGRW ID 22915
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Three Greek honorary decrees for the magistrates of the association. They are all honoured for the proper performance of their duties with an olive-leaves crown.
i.c. Physical format(s) IG II2 1317b: Marble stele with six crowns incised at the bottom, measuring 0,85x0,35m.
SEG 2: 10: Marble stele with five crowns incised at the bottom, measuring 0,88x0,37m.
ii. Source(s) provenance 1317: In the acropolis of Salamis. Wilhelm 1902, 131 thinks that the stone was transported from Piraeus to Salamis.
1317b: On a hill, north of the village Ambelakia, Salamis.
SEG 2: 10: In the peninsula Pounta in the acropolis of ancient Salamis.


i. Archaeological remains SEG 2: 10 is said to have been found among ruins of three rooms, belonging to a bigger building, Keramopoulos 1923: 111-2.
ii. References to buildings/objects There is a reference to a sanctuary (ἱερόν, hieron, IG II2 1317, l. 11; IG II2 1317b, ll. 5, 9) of Bendis.


iii. Members Members of the group are designated as θιασῶται, thiasotai, IG II2 1317, l. 5; IG II2 1317b, ll. 2, 6.
iv. Officials Stewards ἐπιμεληταί, epimeletai: IG II2 1317, ll. 7-8; IG II2 1317b, ll. 4, 8, 19, 15; SEG 2: 10, ll. 3-4, 10-11 (in the number of three epimeletai). Note that in IG II2 1317, two are called συνεπιμεληταί, synepimeletai(thus suggesting a shared office).
Treasurer (ταμίας, tamias, IG II2 1317, l. 7; IG II2 1317b, ll. 7, 15; SEG 2: 10, l. 11).
Secretary (γραμματεύς, grammateus, IG II2 1317, l. 8; IG II2 1317b, l. 15; SEG 2: 10, 11).
Priest (ἱερεύς, hiereus, IG II2 1317b, l. 12; SEG 2: 10, l. 12).
vi. Laws and rules The association's magistrates had to present an account of their financial administration, SEG 2: 10, ll. 7-8: καὶ τοὺς λόγους ἀπέδωκαν τῶν ἀνηλωμένων, kai tous logous apedokan ton anelomenon).


ii. Realty We do not know whether the sanctuary (ἱερόν, hieron) mentioned (see above) belonged to the group.


ii. Gender Men
Note 9 names of men.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status 8 of them remain unidentified, while one person, Stratokles, bears the demotikon Eleusinios, Arnaoutoglou 2003: 203 and Tracy 2003: 125


i. Assemblies All the three decrees record a monthly meeting on the second day of the month Skirophorion (June/July). The assembly is designated as the main, ἀγορᾶι κυρίαι, agora kyria, IG II2 1317, l. 1, or κυρίαι ἀγορᾶι, kyriai agorai, IG II2 1317b, l. 3; SEG 2: 10, l. 3.
iii. Worship There are references to sacrifices (θυσίαι, thysiai, IG II2 1317, l. 3; IG II2 1317b, l. 5; SEG 2: 10, 5).
Deities worshipped Βενδις, Bendis, IG II2 1317, l. 11; IG II2 1317b, l. 9.
iv. Honours/Other activities The magistrates are honoured with an olive-leaves crown (θαλλοῦ στέφανος, thallou stephanos, IG II2 1317, l. 6; SEG 2: 10, l. 9) and a praise (ἐπαινέσαι, epainesai, IG II2 1317, l. 5; IG II2 1317b, l. 6; SEG 2: 10, l. 8), because of their virtue (ἀρετή, arete) and rightneousness (δικαιοσύνη, dikaiosyne), IG II2 1317, ll. 6-7; SEG 2: 10, l. 9).


i. Local interaction The group may have been the original group out of which another group seceded, the Harbour Group, according to Osborne 2004-2009.


i. Comments The decrees are dated in the archonships of Lysitheides (IG II2 1317), Hieron (IG II2 1317b), Thersilochos (SEG 2: 10).
ii. Poland concordance IG II2 1317: Poland A20
iii. Bibliography Wilhelm, A. (1902), 'Inschrift aus dem Peiraieus', JÖAI 5: 127-39. (= (1984) A. Wilhelm. Abhandlungen und Beiträge zur griechischen Inschriftenkunde in den JÖAI (1898-1948) 1. Leipzig: 159-71)
Keramopoulos, A. (1923), Ho apotympanismos: Synbole archaiologike eis ten historian tou poinikou dikaiou kai ten laographian. Athenai.
Pakkanen, P. (1996), Interpreting early Hellenistic religion. A study based on the mystery cult of Demeter and the cult of Isis. Helsinki.
Taylor, M. (1997), Salamis and the Salaminioi. The history of an unofficial Athenian demos. Amsterdam: 111-2.
Mikalson, J. (1998), Religion in Hellenistic Athens. Los Angeles: 148.
Osborne, M. (1999), ‘Voyaging through strange seas of thought – The study of Athenian inscriptions’, Praktika tes Akademias Athenon 74: 67-80.
Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens: 67-69.
Tracy, S. (2003), Athens and Macedon. Attic letter-cutters of 300 to 229 B.C.. Berkeley: 123-5.
Osborne, M. (2004-2009), ‘Five Hellenistic decrees of the Salaminian thiasotai of Bendis’, Hόρος 17-21: 657-72.
Osborne, M. (2009), ‘The archons of Athens 300/299–228/7’, ZPE 171: 83–99.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 264-7.


i. Private association Certain
Note The association displays all the hallmarks of a private association: distinct name, membership, organization, property and durability.