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Last Updated on 21 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 275: koinon thiasoton

I. LOCATION

i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Athens

II. NAME

i. Full name (original language) κοινὸν θιασωτῶν (IG II2 2343, l. 1)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon thiasoton

III. DATE

i. Date(s) f. iv BC

IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY

ii. Name elements
Cultic:thiasotai
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: IG II2 2343, l. 1

V. SOURCES

i. Source(s) IG II2 2343 (f. iv BC)
Note Ed. pr. IG II 986b.
Other publications: Michel no. 1547; Gill 1991, 41-42 no. 12; GRA I 1.
Cf. SEG 33: 161; SEG 39: 192, 236bis; SEG 42: 143. BE 1987, no. 573.
Online Resources IG II2 2343 and AGRW ID 3444
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script List of members, in Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Cultic table with three oval depressions, measuring 0,64x1,40m. The text is written on the edges and between the depressions.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in Athens (perhaps from a sanctuary of Herakles in Kydathenaion, Lind 1985), now in the Epigraphical Museum, EM 10652.

VII. ORGANIZATION

iv. Officials Priest, (ἱερεύς, hiereus, l. 1).

IX. MEMBERSHIP

ii. Gender Men
Note Sixteen names of men are inscribed.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status Citizen: 1
Citizen (probable): 15
Dow 1969, Griffith 1974, Welsh 1983, Storey 1989: 549 and Lind 1990: 134 suggest that certain members of the group may be identified with persons appearing in Aristophanic comedies.

X. ACTIVITIES

iii. Worship The presence of the priest of Heracles (l. 1) may suggest worship by the group.
Deities worshipped Ἡρακλῆς, Herakles, l. 1

XII. NOTES

ii. Poland concordance Poland A11
iii. Bibliography Dow, St. (1969), ‘Some Athenians in Aristophanes’, AJA 73: 234-5.
Ferguson, W. (1910), ‘The Athenian phratries’, CPh 5: 272.
Griffith, J. (1974), ‘Amphitheos and anthropos in Aristophanes’, Hermes 102: 367-9.
Humphreys, S. (1990), ‘Phrateres in Alopeke and the Salaminioi’, ZPE 83: 243-8.
Kloppenborg, J. and Ascough, R. (eds.) (2011), Greco-Roman associations: Texts, translations, and commentary, I. Attica, Central Greece, Macedonia, Thrace. Berlin.
Lambert, S. (1999), ‘IG II2 2345, thiasoi of Herakles and the Salaminioi again’, ZPE 125: 93-110.
Lind, H. (1985), ‘Neues aus Kydathen: Beobachtungenzum Hintergrund der ‘Daitaleis’ und der ‘Ritter’ des Aristophanes’, MH 42: 249-61.
Lind, H. (1990), Der Gerber Kleon in der "Rittern" des Aristophanes. Studien zur Demagogenkomoedie. Frankfurt.
Parker, R. (1996), Athenian religion. A history. Oxford, 334.
Poland, F. (1909), Geschichte des griechischen Vereinswesens. Leipzig.
Storey, I. (1989), ‘Aristophanes, Clouds 1158-62: A prosopographical note’, CQ 39: 549-50.
Welsh, D. (1983), ‘IG II2 2343, Philonides and Aristophanes’ Banqueters', CQ 33: 51-55.



XIII. EVALUATION

i. Private association Possible
Note Although it has been argued that the koinon thiasoton was part of a phratry (Poland 1909, 18-19; Lambert 1999, 125 n.42; GRA I 1), the use of the expression koinon thiasoton instead of personal name + thiasos suggests the possibility that the cult table was dedicated by some members of a private koinon of Herakles worshippers.