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Last Updated on 22 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 307: eranos


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Laurion area


i. Full name (original language) ἔρανος (IG II2 1366, l. 21)
ii. Full name (transliterated) eranos


i. Date(s) i AD


i. Source(s) IG II2 1366 (I AD)
Note Ed. pr.: Palingenesia, Sept-Oct 1868 (APMA 2: 93, no. 255.2)
Other publications: Prott - Ziehen II i 49; Foucart no. 38; Syll3 1042; Michel no. 988; LSCG 55 (SEG 25: 173); Lane, CMRDM 1.13. (SEG 28: 233); ARGW 53; GRA I 53
Cf. SEG 15: 116; 33: 149 and 1597; 39: 153; 42: 195; 47: 2340; 52: 1937; 55: 2106. BE 196: no. 138; 1988: no. 571
Online Resources IG II2 1366 and ARGW ID 3179
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Foundation of the cult of Men Tyrannos by Xanthos from Lycia (slave or freedman of Gaius Orbius), recording ritual requirements of any worshippers wishing to sacrifice. Also ritual provisions for any members. Written in Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) A stone with a large crescent on top, measuring 0.89x0.73m.
ii. Source(s) provenance In a mine workshop in the area of Laurio, now in the Epigraphical Museum, EM 10557.


iii. Members ἐρανισταί, eranistai, ll. 22, 25
viii. Obligations Ritual obligations for eranistai in ll. 22-25: ὁμοίως δὲ παρέξ̣ουσιν οἱ ἐρανισταὶ τὰ καθήκοντα τῶι θεῶι, δε[ξιὸν] | σκέλος καὶ δορὰν καὶ κοτύλην ἐλαίου καὶ χοῦν οἴνου καὶ να[στὸν χοινι]|κιαῖον καὶ ἐφίερα τρία καὶ κολλύβων χοίνικες δύο καὶ ἀκρό[αμα, ἐ]|ὰν κατακλιθῶσιν οἱ ἐρανισταὶ καὶ στέφανον καὶ λημνίσ[κον], homoios de parexousin hoi eranistai ta kathekonta toi theoi, de[xion] skelos kai doran kai kotylen elaiou kai choun oinou kai na[ston choini]kaion kai ephiera tria kai kollybon choinikes duo kai akro[ama, e]an kataklithosin hoi eranistai kai stephanon kai lemnis[kon].


iv. Status Lane 1976: III 108 argues that according to the dedications, the cult of Men was not practiced by slaves but mostly by metics.


iii. Worship Worshippers are allowed to form an association to honour Men Tyrannos.
Deities worshipped Μὴν Τύραννος, Men Tyrannos


ii. Poland concordance Poland A51aβ
iii. Bibliography Baslez, M.-F. (2006), ‘Entraide et mutualisme dans les associations des cités grecques à l’époque hellénistique’, in M. Molin (ed.), Les régulations sociales dans l’antiquité (Actes du colloque d’Angers 23 et 24 mai 2003), Rennes: 157-70. (SEG 56: 2070)
Lane, E. (1976), Corpus Monumentum Religionis Dei Menis (CMRDM). Leiden.
Lauffer, S. (1979), Die Bergwerkssklaven von Laureion. Wiesbaden: 182-5, 191. (SEG 29: 138)


i. Private association Possible
Note Although in the inscription it is clearly envisaged the possibility for the worshippers to form group(s) called eranos, it remains unclear the structural independence of these groups, see Lane 1976: III 14 and GRA I 53.