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Last Updated on 04 Feb 2018

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 311: eranistai

I. LOCATION

i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Laurion (modern toponym)

II. NAME

i. Full name (original language) ἐρανισταί (IG II3 (4) (1) 634, ll. 2-3)
ii. Full name (transliterated) eranistai

III. DATE

i. Date(s) s. ii BC

V. SOURCES

i. Source(s) IG II3 (4) (1) 634 (second half II BC)
Note Ed. pr. BCH 18 (1894) 532 no. 2.
Other publications: IG II2 2940; Salliora-Oikonomakou, M. (2004: 166 no. 99).
Cf. SEG 29: 163; SEG 42: 152; SEG 50: 17; SEG 54: 15; SEG 55: 2106. BE 1952, no. 54.
Online Resources IG II2 2940
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek dedication to a deity by the group.
i.c. Physical format(s) Stele measuring 2,11x0,52m.
ii. Source(s) provenance Copied in the Botzari valley near an ancient washery, in the region of Laurion.

IX. MEMBERSHIP

i. Number The names of eleven members are mentioned.
ii. Gender Men
Note Eleven male names are mentioned.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status Most of the names suggest non-Athenian origin. See Arnaoutoglou 2011 and Vlassopoulos 2011.

X. ACTIVITIES

iii. Worship The group set up a dedication to a deity. The IG edition adopts the restoration of Perdrizet 1896: [Τυ]ράν[νωι Μηνὶ], [Ty]ran[noi Meni]; see however Peek 1942 who restores [Ἡ]ρακ[λεῖ], [He]rak[lei].
Deities worshipped Men Tyrranos or Heracles, Herakles (?)

XII. NOTES

ii. Poland concordance Poland A30
iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Arnaoutoglou, I. (2011), ‘‘Ils étaient dans la ville, mais tout à fait en dehors de la cité’. Status and identity in private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens’ in van O. Nijf, and R. Alston (eds.), Political culture in the Greek city after the classical age. Leuven: 27-48
Lauffer, S. (1979), Die Bergwerkssklaven von Laureion. Stuttgart: 128, 185-8.
Parker, R. (1996), Athenian religion. A history. Oxford.
Perdrizet, P. (1896), ‘Men’ BCH 20: 55-106.
Peek, W. (1942), ‘Attische Inschriften’, MDAI(A) 67: 1-217.
Salliora-Oikonomakou, M. (2004), O archaios demos tou Souniou. Historike kai topographike episkopese. Athena.
Vlassopoulos, K. (2011), ‘Two images of ancient slavery: the ‘living’ tool and the koinonia’ in E. Herrmann-Otto (ed.), Sklaverei und Zwangsarbeit zwischen Akzeptanz und Widerstand. Hildesheim: 470-1.

XIII. EVALUATION

i. Private association Possible
Note Despite Lauffer 1979: 177-92, Parker 1996: 337 n.23 argued that the individuals named may have acted as individuals collecting contributions for a dedication and not as an association. The lack of any further information about the structure of the assumed group should raise doubts about its corporate nature.