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Last Updated on 07 Jun 2019

Author: Alessia Dimartino

CAPInv. 70: to koinon ton peri ton Dionyson techniton


i. Geographical area Southern Italy with Sicily
ii. Region Sicily
iii. Site Syracuse


i. Full name (original language) τὸ κοινὸν τῶν περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον τεχνιτῶν (Aneziri no. F2, ll. 1-2, 4-5; Aneziri no. F3, ll. 4-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) to koinon ton peri ton Dionyson techniton


i. Date(s) ii - i BC


i. Name in other forms τὸ κοινὸν τῶν περὶ [τὸν Διόνυσον καὶ τὰς Μούσα]ς τεχνιτῶν, to koinon ton peri [ton Dionyson kai tas Mousa]s techniton (Aneziri no. F1, ll. 9-10)
ii. Name elements
Theophoric:Dionysos, Mousai (?)
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: Aneziri no. F1, l. 9; Aneziri no. F2, ll. 1, 4 in lacuna; Aneziri no. F3, l. 4)


i. Source(s) Aneziri nos. F1-F3 (ii-i BC)
Note Older editions: IG XIV 12, IG XIV 13, SEG 34: 974
See also: Le Guen nos. 73-75
Online Resources IG XIV 12
SEG 34: 974
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script All texts are in Greek.
Aneziri no. F2 is an honorific decree issued by the koinon ton Dionyson techniton to honour Skymnos, certainly son of a man previously named in the decree.
Aneziri no. F3 is another honorific decree issued by the same koinon to honour Apollodotos son of Leukios.
Aneziri no. F1 is an honorific decree probably issued by the same koinon (but in this case it is defined as koinon ton peri [ton Dionyson kai tas Mousas] techniton) to honour Sosis son of Aris[ - - ] Syrakosios, proxenos S[ - - ].
i.c. Physical format(s) Aneziri no. F2: rectangular marble stele broken on the right side, at the top and bottom.
Aneziri no. F3: rectangular marble stele broken on all sides.
Aneziri no. F1: rectangular marble stele broken on all sides; at the top it is possible to see traces of a carved honorific wreath.
ii. Source(s) provenance Aneziri no. F1: Syracuse, nearby the Saint Lucia’s district.
Aneziri nos. F1-2: from Syracuse, near the Greek theatre.


ii. References to buildings/objects A public or religious building is mentioned in the decrees (Μουσείων, Mouseion: Aneziri no. F3, l. 3).


iii. Members Referred to as τεχνῖται, technitai (Aneziri no. F1, l. 10, in lacuna; Aneziri no. F2, l. 2; Aneziri no. F3, l.5, in lacuna), professionals of theatrical performances.
iv. Officials Individual officials: ἱερεύς, hiereus (Aneziri no. F1, l. 2); ἄρχων, archon (Aneziri no. F1, l. 4 in lacuna).


v. Relations The honorand of the first decree (Aneziri no. F2), Skymnos, could be the son of one of the koinon members, maybe the proposer.


iv. Honours/Other activities The koinon ton Dionyson (kai Mousas) techniton is attested to have awarded a wreath to Skymnos (Aneziri no. F2, l. 4), Apollodotos son of Leukios (Aneziri no. F3, l. 6 in lacuna) and maybe to Apollonios (Aneziri no. F1).
The honours are justified with reference to:
A) the honorand's εὔνοια (eunoia) and ἀρετή (arete), being an euergetes
towards the membership (Aneziri no. F2);
B) the honorand’s καλοκαγαθία (kalokagathia), being euergetes towards the membership (Aneziri no. F3).


ii. Poland concordance Poland D 40 (Aneziri no. F2)
Poland D 41 (Aneziri no. F3)
iii. Bibliography Aneziri, S. (2003), Die Vereine der dionysischen Techniten im Kontext der hellenistischen Gesellschaft: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte, Organisation und Wirkung der hellenistischen Technitenvereine. Stuttgart.
Le Guen, B. (2001), Les associations de technites dionysiaques a l’epoque hellenistique. Paris.
Lueders, O. (1873), Die dionnysischen Kuenstler. Berlin.
Manganaro, G. (1963), ‘Nuove ricerche di epigrafia siceliota’, SicGymn 16: 51-64.
Moretti, L. (1963), ‘I technitai di Siracusa’, RFIC 91: 38-43.
Orsi, P. (1889), ‘Scoperte archeologico-epigrafiche nella città e nella provincia di Siracusa’, NSA: 370-89.
Rizzo, F.P. (1989), La Sicilia e le potenze ellenistiche al tempo delle guerre puniche I. Rapporti con Cos, l’Egitto e l’Etolia. Palermo.


i. Private association Probable
Note The terminology employed and the nature of the technitai suggest a probable private association.