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Last Updated on 09 Jul 2018

Author: Paschalis Paschidis

CAPInv. 757: doumos Aphrodeites Epiteuxidias


i. Geographical area Macedonia
ii. Region Mygdonia
iii. Site Thessalonike


i. Full name (original language) δοῦμος Ἀφροδείτης Ἐπιτευξιδίας (IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1354, ll. 1-3)
ii. Full name (transliterated) doumos Aphrodeites Epiteuxidias


i. Date(s) 90 / 91 AD


ii. Name elements
Theophoric:The doumos bears the name of the goddess worshiped (Aphrodite Epiteuxidia).
iii. Descriptive terms δοῦμος, doumos
Note doumos: IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1354, l. 1

On the term doumos, see the comments on its only other attestation in Macedonia (see CAPInv. 750) (IV.iii).


i. Source(s) IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1354 (AD 90/1)
Note Previous editions: SEG 42: 625. See also: AGRW 49
Online Resources IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1354 and SEG 42: 625 and AGRW ID 2327
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script A Greek funerary inscription
i.c. Physical format(s) Uncrowned stele with inscribed panel and a low relief of a ship beneath it.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in the area of the Galerian complex (i.e. outside the city walls at the time of the erection of the monument).


ii. Leadership The doumos was led by an ἀρχισυνάγωγος, archisynagogos (ll. 3-4).
Eponymous office As all officials mentioned in this inscription, the archisynagogos is recorded in the genitive, as in a dating formula.
iv. Officials A γραμματεύς, grammateus (ll. 7-8) (secretary), and an ἐξεταστής, exetastes (l. 9) (auditor), are mentioned alongside the archisynagogos (IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1354); all of the above jointly served as ἐπιμεληταί, epimeletai (l. 12) for the erection of the monument.
Eponymous officials All officials mentioned in this inscription are recorded in the genitive, as in a dating formula.
ix. Privileges As so often in the context of ancient associations, the doumos paid for the funerary monument of its members.


ii. Gender Men
Note All officials, as well as the deceased, are men.
iv. Status Two of the officials, the archisynagogos and the grammateus, had Roman citizenship; their relatively rare nomina may point to an Italian origin. The deceased was a foreigner (citizen of Amastris in Pontos) who resided in Thessalonike.

The relief portraying a ship, the fact that the deceased died abroad, the foreign origins of the deceased, and even the name of the deity in the group's name make clear that the association most probably consisted of members professionally involved in long-distance trade (see in detail Voutiras 1992; cf. Bounegru 2007).


i. Comments The group has Aphrodite Epiteuxidia in its nomenclature (on the nature of the deity -protector of sea voyages- see Voutiras 1992; on the cult of Aphrodite in Thessaloniki in general, cf. Voutiras 1999).
iii. Bibliography Bounegru, O. (2007), ‘Oikos ton naukleron. The Shipowners Organisation in the Pontic and Aegean Area’, in Acta XII Congressus Internationalis Epigraphiae Graecae et Latina. Barcelona: 191-5.
Voutiras, E. (1992), ‘Berufs- und Kultverein: ein δοῦμος in Thessalonike’, ZPE 90: 87-96.
Voutiras, E. (1999), ‘Η λατρεία της Αφροδίτης στην περιοχή τοῦ Θερμαίου κόλπου’, Ancient Macedonia VI: 1329-43.


i. Private association Certain
Note A distinctive name, a possible clubhouse, officials and the very probable professional nature of the group are all clear signs of a private association.