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Last Updated on 03 Jun 2019

Author: Vincent Gabrielsen

CAPInv. 102: Atabyr[iastan - ]erosthe[i]o[n Pe]rgaistan (koinon)


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Rhodes
iii. Site Lindos


i. Full name (original language) Ἀταβυρ[ιαστᾶν -] ηροσθε[ί]ω[ν Πε]ργαϊστᾶν (κοινόν)
ii. Full name (transliterated) Atabyr[iastan - ]erosthe[i]o[n Pe]rgaistan (koinon)


i. Date(s) 10 AD


ii. Name elements
Ethnic:The element Pergaistai might be connected to the ethnic Pergaios and thus also to the cult of Artemis of Perge, Artamis Pergaia, on which see the rubric Theophoric below.
Theophoric:The element Atabyriastai derives from Zeus Atabyrios, a pan-Rhodian deity worshipped on the summit of Mt Atabyros: see, e.g., Pin. O. vii.87; Clara Rhodos 2 (1932) 237, no. 145, 238, no. 149; I.Lindos II 339; D. Morelli, I culti in Rhodi. Studi classici e orientali 8 (Pisa, 1959): 46-49.
The element Pergaistai might derive from Artemis (Artamis) Pergaia, on whom see IG XII 1, 62 (vicinity of the city of Rhodes); Bresson, Recueil Perée no. 174 (Rhodian Peraia) and I.Lindos II 384e, l. 1 (Lindos); cf. Morelli, ibid. 30-1, 115.
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note Even though it is not explicitly attested, the word koinon is clearly implied.


i. Source(s) I.Lindos II 392b, ll. 15-16
I.Lindos II 391, ll. 31-2
I.Lindos II 392a, l. 12-13
Note It is the first of these inscriptions that preserves the name of the association in its fullest form.
Online Resources I.Lindos II 392a-b
I.Lindos II 391
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script All three documents are honorary dedications in Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) I.Lindos II 391 is a rectangular stele of Lartian marble. The upper right corner is broken. The upper and lower surfaces joined with other blocks. On the lateral faces there is a protruding decorative fillet.
I.Lindos II 392, too, is a rectangular stele of Lartian marble carrying text (a) above text (b).
ii. Source(s) provenance Both stones have been found on the acropolis of Lindos


iv. Honours/Other activities Our association honoured Lapheides son of Lapheides, the priest of Athana Lindia of AD 10, with a golden wreath (χρυσέω στεφάνω], chryseo stephano) (I.Lindos II 391, l. 36), his wife Nikassa, also with a golden wreath (ibid. 392a, l. 16), and their son Lapheides, also with a golden wreath (ibid. 392b, l. 19).
In both stelai, the Atabyr[iastan -]erosthe[i]o[n Pe]rgaistan (koinon) is listed together with other honouring bodies (public as well as private), which, in addition to other private associations, include the Rhodian demos and the Lindian demos: for the full list, see table in Lindos II col. 747.


i. Local interaction The Atabyr[iastan -]erosthe[i]o[n Pe]rgaistan (koinon) is listed together with a number of important public bodies (e.g. the Rhodian demos, the Lindian demos) and private associations, all of which (including our association) had awarded honours to members of a very prominent Lindian family: Lapheides son of Lapheides, priest of Athana Lindia of AD 10, his wife Nikassa and their son Lapheides: see I.Lindos II, cols. 41-2, stemma 14.


i. Private association Certain
Note In view of the theophoric elements in the name of this association (of which Pergaistai might be linked to the ethnic Pergaios instead), it must be considered as certain that it was a private one.