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Last Updated on 17 Mar 2017

Author: Loredana Cappelletti

CAPInv. 1096: oikos ton gynaikon


i. Geographical area Southern Italy with Sicily
ii. Region Campania
iii. Site Naples


i. Full name (original language) οἶκος τῶν γυναικῶν (IG XIV 760, ll. 1-2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) oikos ton gynaikon


i. Date(s) 71 AD


ii. Name elements
iii. Descriptive terms οἶκος, oikos
Note oikos: IG XIV 760, l. 2


i. Source(s) IG XIV 760 (AD 71)
Note See also: CIG 5838; IGR I 453; I.Napoli I 85
Online Resources I.Napoli I 85 and TM 522412
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script IG XIV 760 contains three decrees (psephismata, l. 2) of the Neapolitan Civic Council (proskletos, l. 6) passed in AD 71 in honor of Tettia Casta, who was priestess for life (hiereia dia biou, ll. 1-2) of the oikos of the women and had died prematurely. The inscription is written in Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble slab
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in 1612 in Naples, Monastero of S. Maria Egiziaca.


ii. Leadership Most probable a ἱέρεια διὰ βίου, hiereia dia biou (IG XIV 760, ll. 1-2)


ii. Gender Women
Note The name of the group and of its hiereia clears shows that women only were members.
iii. Age Adults
Note Tettia Casta was married and had a son (IG XIV 760, ll. 22-23); she died untimely (IG XIV 760, l. 7).
iv. Status Tettia Casta was surely a Neapolitan matrona, who belonged to a family in the highest social position, see Lomas 1993: 179-80.


iii. Worship Tettia Casta was most likely a/the priestess of Demeter Thesmophoros; this was a typically women's worship as already attested in Naples, see Peterson 1919: 185-6; Miranda Di Martino 2012: 99-100.
Deities worshipped Demeter Thesmophoros (?)
iv. Honours/Other activities


i. Local interaction The Neapolitan Civic Council voted to honor (τιμᾶν, timan, l. 9) the priestess for life of the association, Tettia Casta, with: a statue (ἀνδριάς, andrias, ll. 9; 13-14), an inscribed shield (ἀσπίς ἐγγεγραμμένη, aspis engegrammene, l. 9), a gold crown (χρύσεος στέφανος, chryseos stephanos, l. 15), a funeral and a tomb with stele at public expense (θάπτειν αὐτὴν δαπάνῃ δημοσίαι, thaptein auten dapanei demosiai, ll. 9-10; τόπος εἰς κηδείαν, topos eis kedeian, ll. 10-11, 19; στήλη, stele, l. 20). The honors are justified with references to: the honorand's universal εὐσέβεια (eusebeia) and εὔνοια (eunoia) towards the city, and her liberality in providing continuously silver statues of the gods to beautify the city (IG XIV 760, ll. 7-9).


iii. Bibliography Lomas, K. (1993), Rome and the the Western Greeks, 350 BC - AD 200. Conquest and acculturation in southern Italy. London.
Miranda De Martino, E. (2012), ‘Le donne di Neapolis. Modelli femminili nelle iscrizioni greche di Napoli’, in G. Bevilacqua and S. Campanelli (eds.), Ἀρετῆς ἕνεκεν καὶ σοφίας. Un omaggio a Paola Lombardi, Giornata di studio - Roma, 28 ottobre 2010, Roma: 97-104.
Peterson, R.M. (1919), The cults of Campania. Rome.


i. Private association Possible
Note Given the public content and context of the document and the very high status of Tettia Casta, it seems much more probable to me that she was the priestess of a women's public association; cfr. Miranda De Martino 2012: 100.