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Last Updated on 19 Jun 2019

Author: Stella Skaltsa

CAPInv. 1228: hoi katoikountes? to hieron tou Soteros Asklepiou


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Mysia
iii. Site Pergamon


i. Full name (original language) οἱ κ[ατοικοῦντες] τὸ ἱερὸν τοῦ Σωτῆρος Ἀσκληπιοῦ (AvP VIII.3 55 ll. 4-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi katoikountes? to hieron tou Soteros Asklepiou


i. Date(s) 117 - 138 (?) AD


ii. Name elements
Topographical:hoi k[atoikountes] to hieron tou Soteros Asklepiou: if the restoration katoikountes is correct then reveals a topography affiliation with the sanctuary of Askepios at Pergamon.


i. Source(s) AvP VIII.3 55 (117-138 AD?)
Note Habicht, the editor of AvP VIII.3, proposes a date for the inscription in Hadrianic times in light of the prosopography (Habicht: 98-99)
Online Resources AvP VIII.3 55
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorary inscription in Greek for [---] Kassianos (Cassianus) by the katoikountes? to hieron tou Soteros Asklepiou
i.c. Physical format(s) Round base of light bluish marble with moulding above and below. Worked out on top with many cuttings.
H. 117 x Diam. 69 cm.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in the square in front of the Theatre in the Asklepieion in 1932.


iv. Officials The erection of the statue was superivised by the ταμίαι, tamiai (l. 10) and the ἐργεπιστάτης, ergepistates (l. 12).
It is unclear, however, whether these officials were magistrates of the group or represented the official authorities of the sanctuary and/or the city.


iv. Honours/Other activities The group set up a honorific statue (ἀνδριάς, andrias l. 10) to Cassianus, neokoros of the sanctuary of Asklepios on account of his piety towards the god and his irreproachable fairness (ll. 6-7).


i. Local interaction The council passed a decree approving the honours bestowed on Cassianus.


i. Comments According to Chr. Habicht, the editor of AvP VIII.3, the group encompassed all residents in the area of Asklepieion, including citizens and foreigners.
It should not pass unnoticed that in Pergamon corporate groups of residents were quite active in bestowing honours to prominent individuals, including persons in the highest ranks of the Imperial administration (see CAP Inv. 919, CAP Inv. 920).


i. Private association Possible
Note Pergamon has yielded four inscriptions that pertain to three 'neighborhood' groups; they all date to the Imperial period; they are all honorary inscriptions for prominent public figures. Residency within the urban fabric is a bonding element in the self-presentation of the group. Although hoi katoikountes to hieron tou Soteros Asklepiou participate in a joint activity, i.e. honouring the neokoros of the sanctuary, this activity alone is inconclusive as to the durability of the group as well as to its private nature.