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Last Updated on 17 Mar 2017

Author: Jonathan Prag

CAPInv. 1291: koinon kinakon


i. Geographical area Southern Italy with Sicily
ii. Region Sicily
iii. Site Mazara


i. Full name (original language) κοινόν κινακων (SEG 58: 1047, ll. 5-6)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon kinakon


i. Date(s) s. ii - f. iii AD


ii. Name elements
Ethnic:kinakon may be a form of Canaanite (Manni Piraino 1969)
Professional:kinakon may be linked to purple dye trade (Manni Piraino 1969)


i. Source(s) SEG 58: 1047 (s. ii - f. iii AD)
Note Inscription found at Mazara del Vallo (first edition Ribezzo 1933, corrected by Segre 1934, full discussion Manni Piraino 1969, republished Brugnone 2003, whence SEG 58: 1047), but the text references Lilybaeum, and many inscriptions from Lilybaeum seem to have been transported to Mazara del Vallo in later times; the text may therefore originally come from Lilybaeum. Consequently, the reference to πατρίδα (patrida) is ambiguous.
Online Resources SEG 58: 1047 and AGRW ID 23319
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorific erected by the koinon in Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) A marble block, perhaps part of a statue base
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in via Santa Teresa, Mazara del Vallo, in 1931


iv. Honours/Other activities Honours, including a crown (image engraved on the stone) at the expense of the κοινόν, koinon (ἐκ τῶν | ἰδίων, ek ton idion, ll. 6-7) for Marcus Iunius Felix, βουλευτής, bouleutes of Lilybaeum and πάτρων, patron of the koinon


i. Local interaction Honours, including a crown (image engraved on the stone) at the expense of the koinon (ἐκ τῶν | ἰδίων, ek ton idion, ll. 6-7) for Marcus Iunius Felix, bouleutes of Lilybaeum and patron of the koinon, in recognition of his zeal for his hometown (φιλοτειμη|σάμενον περὶ τὴν || πατρίδα, philoteimesamenon peri ten patrida, ll. 3-5). The inscription ends with the letters ΔΔΒ, DDB in Greek, which may signify δόγματι δεκουριώνων βουλῆς, dogmati dekourionon boules, and so indicate that the honours from the koinon were also approved by the decuriones of Lilybaeum; but dono dedit benemerentissimo has also been suggested (see Bisi 1969, SEG 58: 1047).


iii. Bibliography Brugnone, A. (2003 [2008]), ‘Tessuti costumi e mode nella Sicilia antica’, Kokalos 49: 51-85.
Manni Piraino, M.T. (1969), ‘Mazara ed un ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΚΙΝΑΚΩΝ di età romana imperiale’, OA 8: 121-5.
Ribezzo, F. (1933), ‘Iscrizione greca inedita di Mazzara del Vallo’, RIGI 17: 49-50.
Segre, M. (1934), ‘Mazzara e Lilibeo’, Il Mondo Classico 4: 68-70.


i. Private association Probable
Note No further information available, and even the nominative form of the genitive κινακων, kinakon is uncertain, but the nature of the text and its references to the Lilybaeum boule strongly implies a private association of some sort.