Stable URL: as PDF
Last Updated on 23 May 2019

Author: Sofia Kravaritou

CAPInv. 1294: hoi syndauchnaphoroi


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region Thessaly. Tetras of Pelasgiotis.
iii. Site Territory of ancient Larisa.


i. Full name (original language) οἱ συνδαυχναφόροι (IG IX.2 1027, l. A2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi syndauchnaphoroi


i. Date(s) 450 - 425 BC


ii. Name elements
Cultic:The ritual of Septerion celebrated every nine years at Delphi encompassed a reproduction of Apollo's purification at Tempe (Thessaly) after the killing of Python. A boy (amphithales pais) acted Apollo's part and fled from Delphi, in order to receive purification at Tempe. On his way back he was transferring -along with an auletes and followed by a procession-, the sacred laurel (daphne) passing from the Thessalian kome of Deipnias (modern Glauke) (Callim., Aet,. 4. frg. 86-89, 194 [Pfeiffer]; Plut., De def. or., 417-8). There, the young laurel bearer (daupnephoros) used to take his first meal (Callim., frg. 32 [Schneider] = Steph. By. s.v. Deipnias). The kome of Deipnias has been tentatively identified with ancient remains nearby the find spot of the stele IG IX.2 1027, in the territory of Ancient Larisa (Helly 1987: 141-2).


i. Source(s) IG IX.2 1027 (450-425 BC)
Note See also:
SEG 37: 485
Helly 1977: 16
Helly 1987: 141
Heinz 1998: 223, cat. no. 95, fig. 22
Online Resources IG IX.2 1027
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script IG IX.2 1027 is a votive stele dedicated to Apollo Leschaios, on behalf of a man without patronymic -Aristion- and the syndauchnaphoroi. The name and epithet of the God are inscribed horizontally, while the title of the dedicants follow below vertically. The votive bears the signature of the sculpturer, Pronos (Helly 1987: 141; Heinz 1998: 223).
i.c. Physical format(s) Large stele of white marble with missing upper part that surely bared sculpted decoration. Traces of painted representation and decorative elements (Helly 1987: 141; Heinz 1998: 223).
ii. Source(s) provenance The stele was found 8 km East of Larisa, in the area between the modern villages of Glauke and Platykampos. In Antiquity, the find spot was part of the territory of ancient Larisa (Helly 1987: 141). Museum of Larisa.


ii. Leadership The dedication is made on behalf of Aristion and the syndauchnaphoroi. In three more inscriptions from Atrax, Pherai and modern Tyrnavos (SEG 47: 679; Heinz 1998: 212-3, cat no. 75, fig. 130; IG IX.2 1234), where syndauchaphoroi are also mentioned, their presence is preceded in the text by an archidauchaphoros. Following that perspective, Aristion of our inscription must be an archidauchnaphoros too. His is mentioned only by name, without patronymic.


iii. Worship The group dedicates a stele to the God.
Deities worshipped Apollo Leschaios, God of the lesche, 'assembly or club'. Following a glotta of Hesychius, it has been also argued that this Apollo in Thessaly was the one of the 'common meals' (koina deipneteria) (Helly 1987: 141).


i. Comments On the presence of groups of dauchnaphoroi in Tyrnavos, ancient Pherai and Atrax, cf. CAPInv. 1297 ; CAPInv. 1300 ; CAPInv. 1306
iii. Bibliography Heinz, M. (1998), Thessalische Votivstelen. Bochum.
Helly, Br. (1977), ‘Apollon Doreios. Recherches sur les Doriens de Thessalie’, in Recherches sur la Thessalie, Lyon.
Helly, Br. (1987), ‘Le ''Dotion Pedion'', Lakéreia et les origines de Larisa’, JS 3(1): 127-58.
Mili, M. (2015). Religion and Society in Ancient Thessaly. Oxford: 243-4.


i. Private association Probable
Note The presence of the cultic name syndauchnaphoroi, the fact that Aristion -their leader- is mentioned without patronymic, and the dedication on behalf of the group to Apollo Lechaios ('of the club') probably indicate the presence of a cultic association.