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Last Updated on 23 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 1539: syneranistai


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Eleusis


i. Full name (original language) συνερανισταί (IG II2 2721, l. 4)
ii. Full name (transliterated) syneranistai


i. Date(s) e. iv - e. ii BC


i. Source(s) IG II2 2721 (e. iv - e. ii BC)
Note Other publications: Finley 1951: no. 40
Online Resources IG II2 2721
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek horos inscription for a land sold subject to redemption for 3.000dr.
ii. Source(s) provenance Now in the Museum of Eleusis 635.


ii. Leadership Perhaps the πληρωτής, plerotes (l. 3) Leochares (Athenion Onomasticon s.v. (9)) was the leader of the group.


iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Cohen, E. (1992), Athenian economy and society. A banking perspective. Princeton. 207-15.
Faraguna, M. (2012), ‘Diritto, economia, societa: riflessioni su eranos tra eta omerica e mondo ellenistico’, in B. Legras (ed.), Transferts culturels et droits dans le monde grec et hellenistique, Paris: 129-53.
Finley, M. (1951), Studies in land and credit in ancient Athens, 500-200 B.C. The Horos inscriptions. New Brunswick.
Harris, E. (2013), ‘Finley’s Studies in land and credit sixty years later’, Dike 16: 123-46.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C. Paris. 281-4.
Millett, P. (1991), Lending and borrowing in ancient Athens. Cambridge.
Thomsen, Chr. (2015), ‘The eranistai of classical Athens’, GRBS 55: 154-75.


i. Private association Certain
Note The occurence of the title πληρωτής, plerotes (l. 3) as well as συνερανισταί, syneranistai suggested to Finley 1951: 101 that this is not a proper durable association but an ad hoc group of lenders. However, expressions like plerotes and syneranistai are almost unique among epigraphical evidence on eranistai and do not support Finley's interpretation. On the contrary, they reinforce the tenet that eranistai hoi meta (peri) had a more permanent function. Therefore, one is entitled to consider syneranistai as an embryonic association.