|i.||Geographical area||Attica with Salamis|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/1556Download as
Last Updated on 23 Feb 2017
CAPInv. 1556: koinon e[ra]ni[ston]
|i.||Full name (original language)||κοινὸν ἐ[ρα]νι[στῶν] (Meyer 2010: nos. 2-9, Face B, col. I, ll. 2-4)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||koinon e[ra]ni[ston]|
|i.||Date(s)||335 - 324 BC|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|iii.||Descriptive terms||κοινόν, koinon|
|Note||koinon: Meyer 2010: nos. 2-9, Face B, col. I, ll. 2|
|i.||Source(s)||Meyer 2010: nos. 2-9, Face B, col. I, ll. 2-4 (335 - 324 BC)|
Other publications: IG II2 1556.
Cf. BE 1946/7, no. 87a; 1960, no. 137; 1990, no. 288.
|Online Resources||IG II2 1556|
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||List of dedications of bowls (φιάλαι, phialai) worth 100 dr., in Greek.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Marble stele broken in three pieces, measuring 0,18x0,22x0,115m.|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||Found in the Acropolis, now in EM 7947.|
|ii.||Leadership||It is likely that an unknown individual was representing the group in the legal proceedings.|
|i.||Local interaction||The association was involved in a legal dispute, of an uncertain nature (graphe apostasiou or any other dispute?), with a non-citizen (metic, freedman or freedwoman). The outcome of the trial was favourable for the individual.|
Koina eraniston are always accompanied by an individual’s name (X son of X’ of the deme X and koinon eraniston). This pattern suggests to me that the individual mentioned by name, alongside the koinon eraniston, had a close relation with the koinon. He may not have been necessarily an official of the group but an ad hoc appointed legal representative, like the individuals to be elected by the Eikadeis in IG II2 1258 (CAPInv. 341) to represent the interests of the group in a law court, or Aischines of Melite for the koinon orgeonon in Agora 19, P5, 30-31 (CAPInv. 245). In these cases it is noteworthy that the koinon remains anonymous. Nevertheless, there are two inscriptions in which the koinon eraniston displays its nomenclature:
1) in CAPInv. 1558 the structure is as follows: X and the koinon eraniston those with Z son of Y.
2) in CAPInv. 1559 a slight variation is recorded: Z and the koinon eraniston those with Z son of Y.
This suggests a limited permanence and a variation as to the person who is representing the group. It is possible to argue that kai should not be seen as suggesting an organic link but simply simultaneous appearance in the legal proceedings. However, similar cases were recorded without a kai by an apposition of personal names (see Meyer 2010: nos 2-9, A, III, 62-66; Face A, V; no. 19, A, III, 29-34).
Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens: 76-83.
Faraguna, M. (2012), ‘Diritto, economia, societa: riflessioni su eranos tra eta omerica e mondo ellenistico’, in B. Legras (ed.), Transferts culturels et droits dans le monde grec et hellenistique, Paris: 129-53.
Finley, M. (1951), Studies in land and credit in ancient Athens, 500-200 B.C. The Horos inscriptions. New Brunswick: 100-107.
Ismard, P. (2010), La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 288-91.
Meyer, E. (2010), Metics and the Athenian phialai-inscriptions. A study in Athenian epigraphy and law. Stuttgart.
Millett, P. (1991), Lending and borrowing in ancient Athens. Cambridge: 153-60.
Thomsen, Chr. (2015), ‘The eranistai of classical Athens’, GRBS 55: 154-75.
Tracy, S. (1995), Athenian democracy in transition. Attic letter cutters of 340-290 B.C.. Berkeley: 79.
|Note||The terminology employed, the character of the proceedings, and the parallel cases strongly advocate for the presence here of a private association.|