|i.||Geographical area||Aegean Islands|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/1587Download as
Last Updated on 24 May 2019
CAPInv. 1587: hoi cheirotechnai
|i.||Full name (original language)||οἱ χειροτέχναι (Robert 1929: 36 C l. 1)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||hoi cheirotechnai|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|i.||Source(s)||Robert 1929: 36 C (i BC)|
|Online Resources||Chios 193|
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Honorary inscription|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Base of local grey limestone, broken on the left and right sides. Two inscriptions were inscribed on the front side; it is not certain if they were inscribed by the same cutter or at the same time.|
Found in Chios town in the foundations of the church of St. Nicolaos in Aplotaria (Zolota-Sarou 1909: 350). Now in the Archaeological Museum of Chios.
Zolota-Sarou, the first editor of the text, argued that the inscription was probably from Erythrae, but her argument is weak (cf. Haussoullier 1910: 121-2, and Hatzfeld 1919: 96).
|iv.||Honours/Other activities||The cheirotechnai (the handicraftsmen) and another professional group whose name is not preserved (see CAP Inv. 1588) jointly honour the magistrates [to]n kata ten agoran, namely the archon and his two colleagues for their good and just service.|
|i.||Local interaction||See Honours/other activities|
G. Dunst (1958: 185) suggested to restore in the third line of the text [Νει]λέα ), and to identify him with the nauarch Neileus, who is attested in a similar inscription of Chian origin, see IG XII. 8 16 l. 4, but this prosopographical identification is tentative, cf. CAPInv. 1590 (Comments).
The magistrates called οἱ τῶν κατὰ τὴν ἀγοράν (ἄρχοντες) probably had a similar function as the agoranomoi; cf. Harpokration, Lexicon in decem oratores Atticos [ed. Dindorf], s.v. ἀγορανόμοι.
In the second inscription of the same stone (Zolota-Sarou 1909: 350-2 no. 3, ll. 6-10. McCabe 1986: 191), a group honours officials (the name of the office is not preserved). One cannot say if the group was a professional one. One of the honorands is the well known benefactor of Chios of the i c. BC. Leukios Nassios (for L. Nassios see Sarikakes 1989: 338 N no. 7).
Zolota-Sarou, A.K. (1909), ῾Χιακαὶ ἐπιγραφαί’, Athena 21: 350-2 no. 3.
Haussoullier, B. (1910), ῾Inscriptions de Chios et d'Erythrées’ RPh 34: 121-2.
Hatzfeld, J. (1919), Les Trafiquants Italiens dans l'Orient Hellénique. Paris.
Robert, L. (1929), ῾Trois inscriptions de l'Archipel’, REG 42: 36.
Dunst, G. (1958), ῾XIAKA’, APF 16: 185-6, 187.
McCabe, D. and Brownson, J. (1986), Chios Inscriptions. Texts and List. The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton: no. 193.
Sarikakes, Th. Chr. (1989), ῾Χιακὴ Προσωπογραφία’, Athens.
|Note||The professional terminology of the association of handicraftsmen and their activity towards the magistrates ensures the private character of the association.|