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Last Updated on 02 Mar 2017

Author: Maria-Gabriella Parissaki

CAPInv. 1640: thysiastai peri hierea Pop<i>llion Zeipan


i. Geographical area Macedonia
ii. Region Edonis
iii. Site Philippi


i. Full name (original language) θυσιασταὶ περὶ ἱερέα Ποπ<ί>λλιον Ζειπᾶν (Philippi II 703d/L914, 703e/GL915)
ii. Full name (transliterated) thysiastai peri hierea Pop<i>llion Zeipan


i. Date(s) ii - iii AD


i. Name in other forms cultores sub sacerdote Popillio Zip[a] (in the second line of the same, bilingual inscription)
ii. Name elements
Cultic:θυσιασταί, thysiastai, cultores
Personal:περὶ ἱερέα Ποπίλλιον Ζειπᾶν, peri hierea Popillion Zeipan, sub sacerdote Popillio Zipa


i. Source(s) Philippi II 703d/L914 (ii - iii AD)
Philippi II 703e/GL915 (ii - iii AD)
Online Resources Philippi II 703d/L914: TM 382500
Philippi II 703e/GL915: TM 388429
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Dedications to Heros Aulonites
Philippi II 703d/L914: Latin
Philippi II 703e/GL915: Bilingual, Greek and Latin
i.c. Physical format(s) Rectangular plaque (0.97 x 0.22)
ii. Source(s) provenance The stone was first seen by Reinach in 1882 in a site called "Katzi-Davan" in the vicinity of Abdera (BCH 8 (1884): 49: “aux environs d’Abdère”). Then, in 1937, Bakalakis published what he considered to have been a second stone that he saw reused as a threshold of a private house at the village of Paradeisos by the Nestus river and the ancient city of Topeiros (Bakalakis 1937). This second text offered only one line in Latin, with the same text as l. 2 of Reinach's inscription. In 2011 Parissaki suggested that these two stones should be considered as one and attributed to Philippi and not to Abdera or Topeiros, as suggested by earlier editors and still by Pilhofer 2009. No autopsy of the stone(s) since Bakalakis' publication.


ii. Leadership ἱερεύς, hiereus
iii. Members Collectively designated as θυσιασταί, thysiastai and cultores.


iv. Status Roman citizen of Thracian origin for the one person named in the text.


i. Local interaction For the many attestations of the cult of the Heros Aulonites at Philippi, its connection to the local population of Thracian origin and its importance for the colony, see Pilhofer 1995: 93-100.


i. Comments Another dedication to Heros Aulonites from the territory of Philippi (Philippi II 580/G488) contains a list of names arranged under two columns (ten in the left and nine in the right one). Two dedicants are Roman citizens, one with a cognomen of Greek origin; but most are peregrini of Thracian origin. Among the names, Zeipas is the most frequent (10 times).
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 66
iii. Bibliography Bakalakis, G. (1937), ‘Παρανέστιοι ᾿Αρχαιότητες’, Thrakika 8: 11-28, esp. 20-1, no. 3.
Parissaki, M-G. (2011), ‘Παρατηρήσεις σὲ δύο ἐπιγραφὲς ἀπὸ τὰ περίχωρα τῶν Ἀβδήρων’, Tekmeria 10: 91-101.
Pilhofer, P. (1995), Philippi I. Die erste christliche Gemeinde Tübingen, Europas. Tübingen: 93-100.
Pilhofer, P. (2009), Philippi. Band II: Katalog der Inschriften von Philippi, rev. edn. Tübingen: 877-82, no. 703d/L014 and 703e/L915.
Reinach, S. (1884), ‘Inscriptions latines de Macédoine’, BCH 8: 47-50.


i. Private association Probable
Note Apart from the collective term of cultores, we have no further indication that this group may have had an associative character.