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Last Updated on 24 Jun 2019

Author: Jan-Mathieu Carbon

CAPInv. 1656: [ho --- B]akchiou Klearch[ou ---]oniou thiasos


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Lycia
iii. Site Unknown, territory of Akarassos (Bozhüyük, Elmalı)


i. Full name (original language) [ὁ? --- Β]α̣κχίου̣ Κλεάρ̣χ̣[ου --- .]ωνίου θίασος (Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012, lines 0-2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) [ho --- B]akchiou Klearch[ou ---]oniou thiasos


i. Date(s) 100 (?) - 212 (?) AD


ii. Name elements
Cultic:θίασος, thiasos
The activites of the group, see below VII and X.iii, make it highly likely that the term is used in a cultic sense.
Personal:Β]α̣κχίου̣ Κλεάρ̣χ̣[ου --- .]ωνίου, B]akchiou Klearch[ou --- ]oniou
This appears to perhaps be a single personal, presumably that of the founder of the thiasos; see also below VII.i.


i. Source(s) Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012: 40 (ca. 100-212 AD?), with detailed commentary.
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Record of consecration and perhaps a membership list.
i.c. Physical format(s) Limestone block.
ii. Source(s) provenance Bozhüyük, Elmalı (territory of Akarassos).


ii. References to buildings/objects ναός, naos
ἀφιδρύματα, aphidrumata
ἀγάλματα, agalmata (lines 3-4)
The inscription refers to the construction and erection (κατ̣[εσκεύασεν], line 2) of these structures by the thiasos and its members. A naos can denote a small or large temple chamber, housing statues or statuettes of the gods (the distinction between aphidrumata and agalmata in this case is not completely clear; see Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012: 43-46 for extensive discussion). No further details can be gleaned from the text. See below X.iii for the cults involved.


i. Founder(s) If a single name, it seems probable that the individual mentioned in lines 1-2 of the inscription [--- Β]α̣κχίος̣ Κλεάρ̣χ̣[ου --- .]ωνίου, was the founder of the group. The hypothesis remains to be confirmed; see Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012: 40-43 for various ways of restoring the passage and further discussion. For the appellation of a thiasos which includes the name of the founder, cf. e.g. CAP Inv. 1646, from this general region (Kaunos).
Gender Male
iii. Members οἱ συννέμοντες Λ̣[---] θιασεῖται, hoi sunnemontes L[---] thiaseitai (lines 6-7)
The members of the group listed in lines 7-11 are introduced by this designation. The term thiaseitai clearly refers to the ranks of members in this or another thiasos. The participle sunnemontes might indicate that these thiaseitai 'collaborated' with 'it' (i.e. the thiasos in question here), or the passage could still be restored differently; see Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012: 50-51 for some possibilites. Were these then other thiaseitai who collaborated with our group? The participle from συννέμω may instead be seen to emphasise that the thiasetai listed below the inscription have 'collaborated' and themselves taken part in the venture of the thiasos as a whole, namely to construct the naos and the cultic statues.


i. Treasury/Funds See below VIII.ii.
ii. Realty See above VI.ii for the property constructed by the group. It seems likely that the thiasos had sizeable operating funds and/or endowments to fund this construction.
iv. Endowments See above VIII.ii.


i. Number 4 firmly attested, several other fragmentary names are possible.
ii. Gender Men
Note All the attested members are male.
iv. Status Since the list of names is so badly preserved, it seems difficult to make a judgement about the character of the names preserved (e.g. about the presence or absence of father's names). Three of the names are Greek, one is local or Anatolian: Osaeis.


iii. Worship Worship seems to be a primary concern of the group, given its consecration of a temple and cultic statues; see again above VI.ii.
Deities worshipped Dioskouroi, Helen as megistoi theoi
See Iplikçioğlu-Schuler 2012: 46-50 for extensive discussion of the cult of the Dioskouroi and its place in the region of Lycia.


iii. Bibliography B. Iplikçioğlu and C. Schuler (2012), 'Ein Tempel für die Dioskuren und Helena: Eine neue Bauinschrift aus Bozhüyük bei Elmalı im lykischen Hochland', 39-59 in: Anzeiger der philosophisch-historischen Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der
, 146,1, Veröffentlichungen der Kleinasiatischen Kommission, Nr. 31, Vienna.


i. Private association Certain
Note Given the consecration of a temple and other cultic equipment recorded in the inscription, along with a circumscribed group of members, it seems certain that this thiasos was a private cultic association.