Stable URL: as PDF
Last Updated on 15 Jan 2019

Author: Cassandre Hartenstein

CAPInv. 1704: The great association of Hathor


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Tentyrites (U06)
iii. Site Dendera (?)


i. Full name (original language) Tȝ ẖny.t ʿȝ.t n Ḥwt-Ḥr (l. 1).
ii. Full name (transliterated) The great association of Hathor


i. Date(s) 30 (?) BC - 100 (?) AD


ii. Name elements
iii. Descriptive terms ẖny.t
Note ẖny.t: ll. 1, 3. In the three editions of this inscription, the word ‘association’ is translitterated sn.t, but this reading was rejected by De Cenival 2006.


i. Source(s) Short Texts I 174 (year 2 of an unknown reign).
Note Other editions: CGC 50024; Farid 1995: 271.
Online Resources TM 53815
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script The Demotic inscription is a dedication, made by the mr šn of an association of Hathor, and by all the association.
i.c. Physical format(s) Sandstone stela (35 x 26 cm) showing a king making an offering to three deities.
ii. Source(s) provenance Both editors agree that the stela comes from Dendera, from the contents.


ii. Leadership The mr šn (lesonis) cited l. 2-3 is probably the president of the association. The lesonis is usually an official attached to temples. In an association, the mr šn is an administrator or the president (De Cenival 1972: 154-159). Considering the way the title is mentioned in the inscription, it appears slightly more likely that it refers here to the function in the association.
iii. Members Referred to as nȝ rmṯ.w (n) ẖny.t (‘the people (from the) association’, l. 3).
v. Other staff At the end of the text, another hand added the name of a man named Apollonios, a herdsman of the prophet of the god Re (the reading of the name of the god is unsure). We do not know if this person is attached to the association.


ii. Gender Men
Note The one person named is male. We do not know about the others.
vi. Proper names and physical features -Ḥr-msn sȝ Pȝ-dỉ-Ḥr-smȝ-tȝ.wi (l. 2) Haremsen son of Peteharsemtheus.
-Ȝplwns (l. 5-6), Apollonios.


iii. Bibliography De Cenival, Fr. (2006), ‘À propos du mot désignant en démotique « l’association »’, RdE 57 : 233-234.
De Cenival, Fr. (1972), Les associations religieuses en Égypte d’après les documents démotiques, Le Caire.
Farid, A. (1995), Fünf Stelen, Berlin.
Hughes, G. R., (1958) 'The sixth day of the lunar month and the Demotic word for "cult guild"', MDAIK 16: 147-160.


i. Private association Certain
Note The use of ẖny.t (l. 1) to describe this group proves that it was a private association.