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Last Updated on 15 Jan 2019

Author: Cassandre Hartenstein

CAPInv. 1706: U-EGY-059


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Tentyrites (U06)
iii. Site Dendera


i. Association with unknown name U-EGY-059


i. Date(s) 5 AD


iii. Descriptive terms ẖny.t
Note ẖny.t: l. 3. In the four editions of this inscription, the word ‘association’ is translitterated sn.t, but this reading was rejected by De Cenival 2006.


i. Source(s) Short Texts I 173 (Epeiph year 34 of Augustus = 25 June-24 July AD 5).

Note Other editions of the inscription are: Farid 1987; Farid 1993: 53; Farid 1995: 302.
Online Resources TM 47599
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script The text is a Demotic dedication of something unclear by a strategos and the mr šn of an unknown association, for the god Orshenufe. The object of the dedication in line 1 is hard to read, and both editors of the texts suggest different reading: "harvest" (Vleeming in Short Texts I 173) and "House of the face" (Farid).
i.c. Physical format(s) Sandstone stela (35 X 27 X 5,5 cm) with a representation of a king offering two jars to four deities.
ii. Source(s) provenance The stela is from Dendera and is now in Cairo Museum.


ii. Leadership The mr šn (lesonis) cited l. 3 is probably the president of the association. The lesonis is usually a official attached to temples. In an association, the mr šn is an administrator or the president (De Cenival 1972: 154-159). Considering the way the title is mentioned in the inscription, it appears slightly more likely that it refers here to the function in the association.
iii. Members Referred to as nȝ rmṯ.w (n) ẖny.t (‘the people (from the) association’, l. 3).
iv. Officials The dedication is made by the mr šn and a strategos (l. 2) Trwphn (Tryphon) also known through other, similar dedications). We do not know if Trwphn had a role in the association or if he just took part in the dedication.


ii. Gender Men
Note Both of people named are male. We do not know about the others.
vi. Proper names and physical features -Trwphn (Tryphon)
-Pȝ-bỉk (sȝ) Pȝ-šr-n-Ỉs.t (Pbekis son of Psenesis)


i. Local interaction The association had connections with official authorities, as the strategos of the nome is one of the dedicants of the inscription. The association had probably interactions too with the temple of Dendera (and maybe took part in some celebrations).


iii. Bibliography De Cenival, Fr. (2006), ‘À propos du mot désignant en démotique « l’association »’, RdE 57 : 233-234.
De Cenival, Fr. (1972), Les associations religieuses en Égypte d’après les documents démotiques, Le Caire.
Farid, A. (1987), 'Zwei demotischen Stelen', BIFAO 87: 85-98.
Farid, A. (1993), Die demotischen Inschriften der Strategen, San Antonio.
Farid, A. (1995), Fünf Stelen, Berlin.


i. Private association Certain
Note The use of ẖny.t (l. 3) to describe this group proves that it was a private association.