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Last Updated on 24 Mar 2017

Author: Benedikt Eckhardt

CAPInv. 1794: ... nde[on to] pole[iteuma]


i. Geographical area The Near East and Beyond
ii. Region Phoenicia
iii. Site Sidon


i. Full name (original language) ...νδέ[ων τὸ] πολε[ίτευμα] (RBi 13: 554, no. 8, l. 1)
ii. Full name (transliterated) ... nde[on to] pole[iteuma]


i. Date(s) 250 (?) - 200 (?) BC


ii. Name elements
Ethnic:...νδέ[ων], ...nde[on] certainly refers to an ethnic, probably from Asia Minor (cf. the Sidonian politeumata of Kaunians in CAPInv. 1789, of Termessians in CAPInv. 1790, and of Pinarians in CAPInv. 1792).
iii. Descriptive terms πολείτευμα, poleiteuma
Note poleiteuma: RBi 13: 554, no. 8, l. 1


i. Source(s) RBi 13: 554, no. 8 (250 (?) - 200 (?) BC)
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Fragmentary commemorative stele, in Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) Grave stele
ii. Source(s) provenance Sidon


iii. Bibliography Honigman, S. (2003), ‘Politeumata and Ethnicity in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt’, AncSoc 33: 61-102.
Huß, W. (2011), Die Verwaltung des ptolemaiischen Reiches. Munich.
Sänger, P. (2014), ‘The Politeuma in the Hellenistic World (Third to First Century B.C.): A Form of Organisation to Integrate Minorities’, in J. Dahlvik, Chr. Reinprecht and W. Sievers (eds.), Migration und Integration – wissenschaftliche Perspektiven aus Österreich. Jahrbuch 2/2013, Göttingen: 51-68.


i. Private association Possible
Note The debate on the nature of ethnic politeumata has been long and inconclusive. It seems clear that they united Ptolemaic mercenaries from a given area, and that they had a certain judicial autonomy (Honigman 2003: 64-6; Sänger 2014: 59-60). According to Sänger 2014, this means that they could not have been private associations, but had "a public and institutional character" (62). It is nevertheless possible that the impulse to form a group was a private one, and we should remember that internal jurisdiction was characteristic of all ancient private associations.

One important aspect of this debate is the old question whether or not privileges similar to citizenship were accorded to members of politeumata (on the debate, cf. Honigman 2003: 61-2). See also CAPInv. 1789.