|i.||Geographical area||Central Greece|
|ii.||Region||North-western Thessaly. Tetras of Hestiaiotis.|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/1808Download as
Last Updated on 06 May 2016
CAPInv. 1808: Basaidai
|i.||Full name (original language)||Βασαίδαι (SEG 36: 548, l. 2)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||Basaidai|
|i.||Date(s)||250 - 200 BC|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|i.||Name in other forms||
συγγένεια (SEG 36: 548, ll. 7, 9)
[τ]εῖς συγγενέ̣σσι (SEG 36: 548, l. 10)
SEG 36: 548 (250 - 200 BC)
SEG 51: 711
Helly 1970: 161-89
Parker 2010: 87-8
Mili 2015: 64
|Online Resources||SEG 36: 548|
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Convention of the Basaidai, or a subgroup of the Basaidai, not to allow all those who do not belong to the syngeneia to share the isotimia and the office of the taga.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Four joining fragments of a fragmentary poros stele with triangular pediment and akroteria.|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||It was found on the slopes of a hill close to the modern village of Palaiocastro, in the vicinity of Ancient Metropolis.|
VI. BUILT AND VISUAL SPACE
|i.||Archaeological remains||The territory of Ancient Metropolis has produced a 5klm circular fortification wall, coins, public and private epigraphic documents, a suburban temple dedicated to Apollo (Decourt, Nielsen, Helly et al. 2004: 697-8).|
The syngeneia is founded
a) by the Basaidai belonging to the four families (gene) that share the taga for all time, for them and their descendants, or
b) by the Basaidai and the four families (gene) that must also share the taga.
|ii.||Leadership||Office of the taga|
The mention of the taga implies the presence of officials called tagoi.
Also, the text delivers the names of two priests of Apollo Hecatombios at Metropolis and Ttylichnai, as guarantors of the convention. We cannot determine whether these are civic priests or priests especially appointed by the group.
|vi.||Laws and rules||
The Basaidai belonging to the four families/with the four families cannot accept anybody in the quality of rights (isotimia) and they do not give the office of the taga outside the syngeneia.
Anybody who deviates from these prescriptions will be banned from the syngeneia and will pay a talent of silver to the syngeneis.
|vii.||Judicial system||Written convention (SEG 36: 548)|
|viii.||Obligations||The members of the syngeneia must obey to the rules imposed by the convention.|
|ix.||Privileges||Isotimia and access tot he office of taga by the members of the syngeneia.|
VIII. PROPERTY AND POSSESSIONS
|i.||Treasury/Funds||The prescribed payment of amendments to the syngeneia implies the possession of a treasury.|
|i.||Number||Fifteen names of members are listed at the end of the inscription, under the label ὀνύματα τοῦν συγγ]ενίουν, onymata toun syng]enioun (ll. 10-11).|
|Note||All names of the members bear a patronymic.|
|v.||Relations||Some of the members are in every probability fathers and sons.|
|iii.||Worship||Reference to Apollo Hecatombios as 'guarantor' of the convention of the Basaidai, through its priests.|
|i.||Local interaction||Possible interaction between the Basaidai and the four families, according to the second interpretation of the first lines.|
Bresson, A., and Debord, P. (1985), ‘Syngeneia’, REA 87: 191-211.
Decourt, J.-C., and Tziafalias, A. (2001), ‘Une liste civique à Crannon: La stèle dite des Ménandridai’, ZPE 137: 139-52.
Decourt, J.-C., Nielsen, Th.H., Helly, Br. et al. (2004), ‘Thessalia and adjacent regions’, in M.H. Hansen and Th.H. Nielsen (eds.), An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford: 676-731.
Decourt, J.-C., and Helly, Br. (2011), ‘Thessaly’, BE: 420-1.
Helly, B. (1970), ‘La convention des Basaidai’, BCH 94: 161-89.
Mili, M. (2015), Religion and Society in Ancient Thessaly. Oxford.
Parker, R. (2010), ‘The Convention of Basaidai and the Four Families’, ZPE 173: 87-8.
Zelnick-Abramovitz, R. (2000), ‘The Xenodokoi of Thessaly’, ZPE 130: 109-20.
|Note||The first editor has interpreted the syngeneia as 'parentelle' (Helly 1970). Also it has been already argued that we are dealing with a civic sub-division, probably a phratry like group (cf. for example, SEG 36: 548; SEG 51: 711; Decourt and Tziafalias 2001: 147). However, most of the editors and commentators (Helly 1970; Parker 2010) conclude that the text itself preserves no elements that could unveil the precise character of this Thessalian syngeneia. Given this general acceptance all possibilities remain open and therefore the alleged presence of a private corporation cannot be a priory discarded. The displayed corporate organisation and activity of the group in question bears many similarities to those of private associations.|
|ii.||Historical authenticity||The presence of the text of the convention established between the syngeneis renders the historical authenticity of the group certain.|