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Last Updated on 09 Aug 2019

Author: Vincent Gabrielsen

CAPInv. 1817: Matioi ktoinetai eranistai Philokrateioi


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Rhodes
iii. Site City of Rhodos


i. Full name (original language) Μάτιοι κτοινέται ἐρανισταὶ Φιλοκράτειοι (IG XII.1 157, ll. 9-19).
ii. Full name (transliterated) Matioi ktoinetai eranistai Philokrateioi


i. Date(s) i BC


ii. Name elements
Personal:Philokrateioi, from the personal name Philokrates. Even though the name is well attested in Rhodian citizen onomastics, in this case the holder is very probably Philokrates of Ilion, to whom this inscribed altar belonged. See also below.
Topographical:Matioi (sc. ktoinetai) is understood as referring to the members of a specific ktoina, which was a unit of also a territorial character: see below.
Other:ktoinetai (or ktoinatai) refers to the members of the unit known as ktoina. The territory of each of the Rhodian cities (Ialysos, Kamiros, Lindos) was divided into a number of ktoinai, probably subdivisions of the demes, which had cultic and other responsibilities (Tit.Cam. 109): see Hiller von Gaertringen, 'Rhodes', RE Suppl. V (1931) 771; Guarducci 1935, esp. 421-24; Papachristodoulou 1989, 55-58; Gabrielsen 1997, 151-54. If, as seems likely, only citizens were originally members of a ktoina, by the first century BC a change had occurred through which membership was extended to foreign residents as well: Gabrielsen 1997, 153. The interesting connection between ktoina and eranistai was noted by van Gelder 1900, 361
iii. Descriptive terms eranistai


i. Source(s) IG XII.1 157, ll. 9-10.
Online Resources IG XII.1 157
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Dedicatory-honorary. Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Round altar of white marble.
ii. Source(s) provenance Discovered in a hypogeum outside the city of Rhodes. See also P.M. Fraser, Rhodian Funerary Monuments (Oxford, 1977), p. 3.


i. Founder(s) The element Philokrateioi strongly suggests that Philokrates of Ilion, to whom this altar belonged, was the founder of this association.
Gender Male
iii. Members Philokrates of Ilion, a foreigner in possession of epidamia in Rhodes, was definitely a member and very probably the founder of this association. In the same inscription, Philokrates is honoured by three other associations (see below). See V. Gabrielsen, The Naval Aristocracy of Hellenistic Rhodes, (Aarhus, 1997) 152-53.
Attempts to establish the identity of Philokrates hypothecize i.a. his attainment of citizen status (Hiller von Gaertringen's note to IG XII.1 157, followed by LGPN s.v., no. 57). However, the identifications proposed are problematic: see V. Gabrielsen, 'The Status of Rhodioi" in Hellenistic Rhodes', C&M 43 (1992) 48 n.9.


iv. Status Philokrates of Ilion, a foreigner in possession of epidamia in Rhodes, appears here also as a member of the unit known as ktoina (on which see above). Similarly, from the element ktoinetai in the name of the association it can be inferred that (perhaps all) other members of the association were also members of the ktoina Matioi. This, however, does not mean that in terms of membership the association and the ktoina Matioi were identical, but only that some members of the ktoina Matioi had united to form an association.


iv. Honours/Other activities The Matioi ktoinetai eranistai Philokrateioi had honoured Philokrates from Ilion, who was in possession of epidamia in Rhodes, with a gold wreath. The association is recorded together with other private bodies that had honoured Philokrates: the Isiastai eranistai koinon (ὑπὸ Ἰσιαστᾶν ἐρανιστᾶν κοινοῦ), the synthytai Rhodiastai epidamiastai (ὑπὸ συνθυτᾶν Ῥοδιαστᾶν ἐπιδαμιαστᾶν) and the Hermaistai Thesmophoriastai (ὑπὸ Ἑρμαϊστᾶν Θεσμοφοριαστᾶν). He was also honoured by the citizens of Kamiros (ὑπὸ Καμιρέων).


i. Local interaction The association, which was probably based in the city of Rhodos, is seen to honour an individual together with the citizens of Kamiros.
ii. Interaction abroad Any connection between the association and the city of Ilion, the place of origin of Philokrates, must be indirect and conjectural.


ii. Poland concordance B 268
iii. Bibliography V. Gabrielsen, 'The Status of Rhodioi in Hellenistic Rhodes', C&M 43 (1992) 43-69.
V. Gabrielsen, The Naval Aristocracy of Hellenistic Rhodes (Aarhus, 1997).
M. Guardicci, 'Note di antichità rodie, I: Le ktoinai; II: Le synnomai', Historia (Milan/Rome) 9 (1935) 420-35.
P. Fraser, Rhodian Funerary Monuments (Oxford, 1977).
I. Papachristodoulou, Oi archaioi rhodiakoi demoi. Istorike episkopese - I Ialisia (Athens, 1989).


i. Private association Certain
Note The element eranistai renders it certain that this was a private association.