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Last Updated on 26 Jun 2019

Author: Jan-Mathieu Carbon

CAPInv. 1900: thiasos Tyches Aphrodites ton syn Tertiai Audiai Dorotheai


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Kos
iii. Site Kos


i. Full name (original language) θιάσου Τύχης Ἀφροδίτης τῶν σὺν Τερτίᾳ Αὐδίᾳ Δωροθέᾳ (IG XII.4 2798, lines 1-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) thiasos Tyches Aphrodites ton syn Tertiai Audiai Dorotheai


i. Date(s) 100 (?) BC - 100 (?) AD


ii. Name elements
Cultic:thiasos (θιάσου, line 1)
Personal:Tertia Audia Dorothea (σὺν Τερτίᾳ Αὐδίᾳ Δωροθέᾳ, lines 3-5)
Theophoric:Tyche Aphrodite (Τύχης Ἀφροδίτης)
iii. Descriptive terms thiasos (θιάσου, line 1)
Note The term both refers specifically to a cultic group and, more widely, to a collectivity.


i. Source(s) IG XII.4 2798 and 2799.
Note Copy 1: Maiuri, NSER 495; Segre, I. Cos EF 429; Tsouli 2013: no. 641c with ph.

Copy: previously unpublished.

Cf. also: Maillot 2013: no. 45.
Online Resources PHI: I. Cos EF 429

Harland, AGRW 12004
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Boundary stones, horos (cf. ὅρος, line 1). Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Copy 1: Stele of rose-colored stone.

Copy 2: Cippus of amygdalopetra / Travertin.
ii. Source(s) provenance Copy 1: area of the Asklepieion of Kos.

Copy 2: in a wall on the road to the village of Platani (the general area of the necropolis).


ii. References to buildings/objects On the analogy of other texts from Kos, the point of reference of the boundary stone (ὅρος, line) may be presumed to be private burial plots for the group (thekaia). It is also not impossible that the boundary stone referred to a shrine of Aphrodite.


i. Founder(s) Tertia Audia Dorothea (σὺν Τερτίᾳ Αὐδίᾳ Δωροθέᾳ, lines 3-5)
This individual, mentioned in the name of the association, is either its founder or its leader. The same woman is known from a first century BC funerary marker on Kos (IG XII.4 2952 / I. Cos EF 738, cf. PHI: EF 738). If this chronology is correct, it would thus be safe to presume that Tertia was the founder of the group, which continued after her death.
Gender Female
ii. Leadership See also above.


iii. Worship See above IV.ii.
Deities worshipped Tyche Aphrodite.
The first theonym has caused some problems and was previously interpreted as an epithet. Segre read Thyaie and Maiuri Eudie. The latter would have brought the epithet in relation with the family name of the founder, Tertia Audia Dorothea; in the former, Thyaios would be an epithet, attested of Apollo in Hsch. s.v. The correct reading, now assured in the IG edition, makes it clear that Tyche is a deity associated with Aphrodite in this case or perhaps to be treated as Aphrodite's epithet. The association of the two goddesses as a pair is attested. For instance, a ship is known by the name Aphrodite Tyche, in a votive inscription on the island of Prote: SEG 11.1023 and 14.344. Cp. also e.g. TAM II 163 (Daidala), a dedication by a Rhodian epistatas to both goddesses. Isis is also often known by the name Tyche.


iii. Bibliography S. Maillot (2013), 'Les associations à Cos', in P. Hamon and P. Fröhlich (eds.), Groupes et associations dans les cités grecques, Geneva: 199-226.

A. Maiuri (1925), Nuova silloge epigrafica di Rodi e Cos, Florence.

M. Segre (2007), Iscrizioni di Cos, Epigrafi funerarie, Rome.

C. Tsouli, Ταφικὰ και επιτάφια μνημεία της Κω, diss. Athens 2013.


i. Private association Certain
Note Little is known about this association and its context. But simply on the basis of its name and by comparison with other highly similar boundary stones of the burial plots of associations near the city of Kos (more than 50 in number, cf. e.g. CAPI no. 1826), we can be confident that it constituted a private association.