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Last Updated on 24 May 2019

Author: Georgia Malouchou

CAPInv. 1925: hoi porthmeuontes eis Erythras


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Chios
iii. Site Chios town


i. Full name (original language) οἱ πορθμεύοντες εἰς Ἐρυθράς (SEG XVII 382 C ll. 1-2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi porthmeuontes eis Erythras


i. Date(s) i BC - i AD


ii. Name elements
Topographical:eis Erythras (from Chios to Erythrai)


i. Source(s) SEG XVII 382 C (i BC)
Online Resources Chios 173
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Three honorary inscriptions for xenophylakes by (A) the naukleroi and the epi tou limenos erg[astai], (B) the porthmeis and, (C) the porthmeuontes eis Erythras
i.c. Physical format(s) Two joining fragments of a base of local grey limestone. Fragment a preserves the original top, front and left sides, fragment b the original front and left sides. There are two other honorary inscriptions for xenophylakes (Α, Β) written on the same stone.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in Chios town by the port (Paspates 1888: 415). Now in the Archaeological Museum of Chios.


iv. Honours/Other activities The ferrymen to Erythrai (hoi porthmeuontes eis Erythras) offer a golden crown to the xenophylakes of the year of the eponymous prytanis Dekmos.


i. Comments We cannot say if the porthmeuontes eis Erythras is the same group as the porthmeis or a subgroup of them.
The office of the xenophylakes is otherwise unattested. Τhe name of the office indicates that their function was to watch and protect the xenoi (see LSJ 9, s.v.), i.e. the foreigners who visited Chios. That is why the xenophylakes are honored by professional groups, such as the ferrymen, the shipowners and the ergastai in the harbor (cf. Robert 1929: 38, and Reger 2003: 191). Engelmann and Merkelbach take the word xenophylakes to be ῾Zollbehörde’.
For the dating of the eponymous prytanis Dekmos to the Augustan era see Robert 1933: 538.
ii. Poland concordance Poland E 33b
iii. Bibliography Studniczka, Fr. (1888), ῾Aus Chios’, MDAI(A) 13: 169-70 no. 10 (b).
Ziebarth, E. (1896), Das griechische Vereinswesen, Leipzig: 31.
Robert, L. (1929), ῾Trois inscriptions de l'Archipel’, REG 42: 35 (B).
Robert, L. (1933), ῾Sur des inscriptions de Chios’, BCH 57: 537-8.
SEG XVII 382 B ll. 12-21.
Engelmann, H., Merkelbach, R. (1972), Die Inschriften von Erythrai und Klazomenai. Bonn: no. 74.
McCabe, D. and Brownson, J. (1986), Chios Inscriptions. Texts and List. The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton: no. 172.
Reger, G. (2003), Aspects of the Role of Merchants in the Political Life of the Hellenistic World, in: Zaccagnini, C. (Ed.), Mercanti e Politica nel Mondo Antico, Roma: 165-197.


i. Private association Certain
Note The professional terminology of the association of ferrymen and their activity toward the xenophylakes ensures the private character of the association. The association could be conflated with the association described in CAPInv. 1924.