|i.||Geographical area||Aegean Islands|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/222Download as
Last Updated on 13 Jun 2019
CAPInv. 222: eranistai
|i.||Full name (original language)||ἐρανισταὶ (IG XI.4 1223, l. 2)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||eranistai|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|i.||Source(s)||IG XI.4 1223 (196 BC)|
The dedication was made in the month of Lenaios in the archonship of Diogenes (IG XI.4 1223, ll. 1-2) (See also 'Comments').
CE no. 20
Bricault 2013: no. 91
IG XI.4 1223
AGRW ID 7444
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Dedicatory inscription. The eranistai dedicated couches (klinai) to Sarapis, Isis and Anubis.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Marble slab. H. 20 x W. 27 x. Th. 7 cm.|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||Found not far away from Sarapieion B, in one of the workshops, east of the Inopos reservoir. Now in the Museum on Delos.|
VI. BUILT AND VISUAL SPACE
|i.||Archaeological remains||Sarapieion B (GD 96) lies in the Inopos river valley, on a terrace west of the Sanctuary of the Oriental Gods. It was probably constructed at the end of the 3rd or the beginning of the 2nd c. BC, as suggested by a dedication that dates to 196 BC (CAP Inv. 222). It seems to have fallen out of use sometime in the period of the Second Athenian Occupation. Sarapieion B may not have operated as a sanctuary of Sarapis but rather as a meeting place of associations centered around the cult of the Egyptian gods, appropriately equipped with dining facilities for banquets.|
|ii.||References to buildings/objects||κλίναι, klinai (IG XI.4 1223, l. 10)|
ἐραναρχοῦντος, eranarchountos (IG XI.4 1223, ll. 2-3)
|iii.||Members||ἐρανισταὶ, eranistai (IG XI.4 1223, l. 2)|
ἱερεύς hiereus ? (IG XI.4 1223, l. 3)
The hiereus was presiding the eranos (eranarchountos (IG XI.4 1223, ll. 2-3).
According to Bricault (RICIS no. 202/0134) Lampron must have been an official in Sarapieion C, who presided over reunions held in Sarapieion B.
|i.||Number||Fifteen individuals, called eranistai, dedicated an unspecified number of couches.|
|Note||All names inscribed on the stone are male.|
All names are of Greek origin.
The lack of patronymics should not be considered conclusive as to the status of the eranistai. However, Bricault (2013: 289) suggests that the absence of patronymics and demotics may point toward metics rather than citizens.
Two of the eranistai bear the name Apollonios. In the koinon ton enatiston (IG XI.4 1228, 1229) three individuals bear the same name. One of these Apollonioi is the grammateus of the association, also bearing the title melanephoros (IG XI.4 1228 ll. 3-4, 24-7, 1229 ll. 3-4, 24-7).
The name Aischrion is also attested in IG XI.4 1228, 1229.
There might be homonyms. However, we should not exclude the possibility that we are dealing with the same individuals, members in more than one association centered around Sarapieion B (all these inscriptions were found in or have been attributed to Sarapieion B).
Bricault (RICIS nos. 202/134, 202/191) tentatively suggested to identify Nikis (l. 7) with Nikis, who made a dedication along with Kleiso in Sarapieion C (IG XI 4, 1307 l. 9 ; the object donated is unknown but it weighted 73 dr 2 ob).
Apollodoros (l. 8) may be identified with Apollodoros, member of the koinon ton dekadiston kai dekadistrion (IG XI.4 1227 l. 5).
|iii.||Worship||The dedication is addressed to Sarapis, Isis, Anubis, who are called theoi synnaoi kai symbomoi (IG XI.4 1223, ll. 11-12).|
|iv.||Honours/Other activities||The eranistai dedicated couches (klinas) to Sarapis, Isis and Anubis.|
The inscription dates in the archonship of Diogenes. Diogenes was archon in 196 BC (Vial 1984: 302)
Sarapieion B has yielded a number of inscriptions attesting to six associations, active within its premises (CAP Inv. 215; CAP Inv. 216; CAP Inv. 217; CAP Inv. 218; CAP Inv. 219; CAP Inv. 222). All inscriptions date to the first half of the 2nd c. BC. A certain degree of connectivity is to be noted among the various associations on the basis of individuals who were members of more than one association (see esp. CAP Inv. 218).
Bricault, L., (2013), Les cultes isiaques dans le monde gréco-romain. Paris: 288 no. 91.
Dunand, F. (1973), Culte d'Isis. Leiden: vol. II: 101 n. 4, vol. III, 292
Vial, C. (1984), Délos indépendante (314-167 avant J.-C.): Etude d'une communauté civique et ses institutions. (BCH Suppl. 10). Paris.
|Note||The activity of the association suggests a permanent organisation. The private nature of the association seems likely, but remains uncertain.|