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Last Updated on 21 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 229: orgeones Amynou kai tou Asklepiou kai Dexionos


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Athens


i. Full name (original language) ὀργεῶνες Ἀμύνου καὶ τοῦ Ἀσκληπιοῦ καὶ Δεξίωνος (IG II2 1252, ll. 3-4; IG II2 1253, ll. 6-7.)
ii. Full name (transliterated) orgeones Amynou kai tou Asklepiou kai Dexionos


i. Date(s) s. iv - 263 (?) BC


i. Name in other forms ὀργειῶνες, orgeiones l. ὀργεῶνες, orgeones (IG ii2 1253, 6)
ii. Name elements


i. Source(s) IG II2 1252+999 (s. iv BC)
IG II2 1253, (c. 263 BC)
IG II2 1259 (313/2 BC)
Note Ed. pr. IG II2 1252+999 = MDAI(A) 21 (1896) 298.6; IG II2 1253 = BCH 18 (1894) 491 and MDAI(A) 21 (1896) 302.7; IG II2 1259 = MDAI(A) 21 (1896) 303.8. This inscription is written stoichedon.
Other publications
IG II2 1252+999: Syll3 1096; Michel no. 966; GRA I 6.
IG II2 1253: Michel no. 967.
IG II2 1259: Michel no. 1548.
Cf. SEG 14: 82; SEG 26: 135; SEG 39:149; SEG 46: 2363; SEG 47:194; SEG 49:220; SEG 53:40; SEG 55: 2051(4). BE 1956, no. 86; BE 1976, no. 176.
Online Resources IG II2 1252+999, AGRW ID 3467
IG II2 1253
IG II2 1259
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek honorary decrees, for Kalliades and Lysimachides, sons of Philinos of Peiraieus (IG II 2 1252), for two unknown individuals (IG II2 1253), and for the histiatores Antikles, son of Memnon and Kleitophon, son of Demophilos (IG II2 1259).
i.c. Physical format(s) IG II2 1252: Marble stele with two crowns depicted on top, measuring 0,39x0,21-20m.
IG II2 1253: Fragmentary pedimental stele, measuring 0,23x0,235m.
IG II2 1259: Marble stele measuring 0,88x0,42m.
ii. Source(s) provenance The decrees were found in the south-west slope of the Akropolis, in a place identified as Amyneion. Now in the Epigraphical Museum:
IG II2 1252+999 = EM 12836+298.
IG II2 1253 = EM 7758.
IG II2 1259 = EM 542.


i. Archaeological remains Excavations in the west slope of the Akropolis in autumn 1892 revealed an open-air, trapezoidal temenos, 17x15m with foundations of a peribolos, the base of a marble offering table, and a well identified by inscriptions with a sanctuary of Amynos. Among the finds were sculpture (reliefs, statuettes, terracota statuettes), pottery, and inscriptions (decrees, dedications to Asklepios and Amynos); see Koerte 1896. Summary account in Wycherley 1970: 292-3; Travlos 1980: 76-77; Rietmueller 2005: II 12-17 no. 4 and Greco 2010: 265-7. See also Skaltsa 2016.
ii. References to buildings/objects There is a reference to a sanctuary (ἱερόν, hieron) (IG II2 1252, ll. 11, 16; IG II2 1253, l. 11) and stelai to be set up (IG II2 1252, l. 18; IG II2 1253, l. 11).


iii. Members The members of the group are called invariably ὀργεῶνες, orgeones, IG II2 1252, ll. 2-3, 8, 14, 19-20, IG II2 1253, ll. 2, 6, IG II2 1259, 8.
iv. Officials Hosts, ἱστιάτορες, histiatores, IG II2 1259, ll. 1-2. Ferguson 1944: 86-87 thinks that the individuals honoured in IG II2 1252 and IG II2 1253 were also hosts.


ii. Realty The association had two sanctuaries (ἱερά, hiera, IG II2 1252, ll. 16-7; Ferguson 1944: 87). Mikalson 1998: 145 believes that there were two groups in charge of the two shrines.


ii. Gender Men
Note IG II2 1252:
Καλλιάδης Φιλίνου Πειραιεύς, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (54).
Λυσιμαχίδης Φιλίνου Πειραιεύς, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (19).
Κλεαίνετος Κλεομένους Μελιτεύς, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (13).
IG II2 1259:
Ἀντικλῆς Μέμνονος, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (30).
Κλειτοφῶν Δημοφίλου? Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (8).
Θεόδοτος, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (13).
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status The individuals mentioned in IG II2 1252 and one in IG II2 1253 are citizens, while the remaining in IG II2 1259 are most probably citizens.
v. Relations Those honoured in IG II2 1252 are brothers.


iii. Worship Sacrifices (θυσίαι, thysiai) are mentioned in IG II2 1252, ll. 12-3 and IG II2 1259, l. 5.
Deities worshipped Three deities are worshipped, namely Amynos, Asklepios and Dexion (according to a late scholion heroized Sophokles?), for which see Kearns 1989: 147 (Amynos) and Kearns 1989: 154 (Dexion).
iv. Honours/Other activities In IG II2 1252 the group praises the sons of Philinos and awards them a golden crown (χρυσοῦς στέφανος, chrysous stephanos) and also access to wine free of charge (IG II2 1252, l. 11: ἀτέλειαν τοῦ χοῦ ateleian tou chou) to themselves and their descendants.
In IG II2 1253, ll. 7-10 the group praises and awards golden crowns, while in IG II2 1259, ll. 6-7 the group praises but awards olive leaves crown.


i. Comments IG II2 1259 refers to the archonship of Theudotos.
ii. Poland concordance Poland 1252+999 = A1c
Poland 1253 = A1d
Poland 1259 = A1e
iii. Bibliography Arnaoutoglou, I. (2003), Thusias heneka kai sunousias. Private religious associations in Hellenistic Athens. Athens.
Ferguson, W. (1944), ‘The Attic orgeones’, HThR 37: 61-140.
Greco, E. (2010), Topografia di Atene. Sviluppo urbano e monumenti dalle origini al III secolo d. C. Tomo 1: Acropoli - Areopago - Tra Acropoli e Pnice. Athens.
Ismard, P. (2010),
La cité des réseaux. Athènes et ses associations VIe – Ier siècle av. J.-C.. Paris: 257-8.
Jones, N. (1999),
The associations of classical Athens. A response to democracy. New York, 254-6.
Kearns, E. (1989),
The heroes of Attica. London.
Koerte, A. (1896), ‘Die Ausgrabungen am Westenabhange der Akropolis’,
MDAI(A) 21: 287-332.
Mikalson, J. (1998),
Religion in Hellenistic Athens. Los Angeles.
Rietmüller, J. (2005),
Asklepios Heiligtümer und Kulte. Heidelberg.
Skaltsa, S. (2016) ‘“Housing” private associations in Hellenistic Athens: three case-studies for a place to meet and worship the gods’, in O. Rodriguez Gutierrez, N. Tran & B. Soler Huertas (eds.),
Los espacios de reunion de las asociaciones romanas. Dialogos desde la arqueologia y la historia en homenaje a Bertrand Goffeaux, Sevilla: 79-92.
Tracy, S. (2003),
Athens and Macedon. Attic letter-cutters of 300 to 229 B.C.. Berkeley.
Travlos, J. (1980),
Pictorial dictionary of ancient Athens. New York.
Wycherley, R. (1970), ‘Minor shrines in ancient Athens’,
Phoenix 24: 283-95.


i. Private association Certain
Note The association displays all the hallmarks of a private association, distinct name, membership, organization, property and durability.