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Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. 302: synodos 143 ton proton philon kai chiliarchon kai peri tous basileis machairophoron


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Herakleopolites (U20)


i. Full name (original language) σύνοδος ρμγ τῶν πρώτων φίλων καὶ χ(ιλιάρχων) καὶ περὶ τοὺς βασιλεῖς μαχαιροφόρων (BGU IV 1190, ll. 3-4)
ii. Full name (transliterated) synodos 143 ton proton philon kai chiliarchon kai peri tous basileis machairophoron


i. Date(s) i BC


ii. Name elements
Professional:chiliarchoi (army)
peri tous basileis machairophoroi, the Royal Guard
Status-related:protoi philoi
Other:number 143
iii. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos
Note synodos: BGU IV 1190, l. 3


i. Source(s) BGU IV 1190 (after 80 BC)
Online Resources BGU IV 1190
TM 4525
i.a. Source type(s) Papyrological source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek petition to the grammateus ton dynameon, the secretary of the troops or quartermaster general of the whole army (cf. Mooren 1975: no. 0231).
i.c. Physical format(s) Papyrus.


ii. Leadership Προστάτης, prostates (l. 2): the man is called Dorion.
iv. Officials Γραμματεύς, grammateus (l. 2): the man is called Dionysios.


iii. Income The association had some method of income from the fees of its members or from the letting of money. The papyrus is fragmentary but it appears that some money was due to the association by a soldier, Isidoros son of Isidoros, in service at Alexandria but registered for payment in the Heracleopolite nome (ll. 4-9; it is uncertain whether the man was member of the association, although it seems likely). The money had not been returned to the association and a petition was sent to the general secretary of the army in order to request that what was due to the association was withheld from Isidorus' pay until the debt was paid off (ll. 12-17).


ii. Gender Men
Note The association is a military association, therefore formed by men only.
iii. Age Adults
Note The members of the association were soldiers in active duty, that is to say adults.
iv. Status The association gathered men of army in service as Royal Guards (peri tous basileis machairophoroi) and with the honorific title of 'first friends' (protoi philoi). A third element of the name is lost in lacuna: it probably referred to some other title or military function of the members.
vi. Proper names and physical features Δωρίων προστάτης
Διονύσιος γραμματεύς
Ἰσίδωρος Ἰσιδώρου (member?)


i. Comments It is uncertain what the number 143 indicates in the name of the association. The absence of the article before it makes it less clear whether it refers to the (original) number of members of the group.
The reading of the number is correct. One can only speculate the relations of this association with CAPInv. 62.
iii. Bibliography Mooren, L. (1975), The Aulic titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt: introduction and prosopography. Brussel.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology used (synodos) and the internal organisation with officials make it certain that we have here a private association.