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Last Updated on 22 Feb 2017

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 304: koinon ton eraniston


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Athens


i. Full name (original language) κοινὸν τῶν ἐρανιστῶν (IG II2 1291, ll. 15-16, 20, 27)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon ton eraniston


i. Date(s) s. iii BC


iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: IG II2 1291, ll. 15-16, 20, 27


i. Source(s) IG II2 1291 (second half III BC)
Note Ed. pr. RA 1865, 497.
Other publications: Lueders no. 7; Foucart no. 27; GRA I 19.
Cf. SEG 33: 1570; SEG 44: 255.
Online Resources IG II2 1291
AGRW ID 3757
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek honorific decree for Theon, son of Aischylion, isoteles for his performance as treasurer, as well as Dionysios the secretary, the stewards, and the hieropoioi.
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble stele broken on top and bottom, measuring 0,23x0,15m.
ii. Source(s) provenance Seen by ed. pr. in Athens, although he assumes a provenance from Piraeus, now in the Epigraphical Museum.


iii. Members Members are called ἐρανισταί, eranistai, ll. 5-6, 9-11.
iv. Officials Treasurer (ταμίας, tamias, l. 12).
Secretary (γραμματεύς, grammateus, l. 17).
Stewards (ἐπιμεληταί, epimeletai, ll. 21-22).
Hieropoioi (ἱεροποιοί, hieropoioi, l. 22).
vi. Laws and rules There is a vague reference to the laws of the eranistai (ll. 5-7: [κατὰ τοὺς νό]|μους τοὺς κοινοὺς τ[ῶν ἐρανιστῶ]|ν, [kata tous no]mous tous koinous t[on eranisto]n) pertaining probably to the administration of a fund?, ll. 2-5: ὀ|ρθῶ]ς καὶ δικαί[ως διεχείρισε τὸ ἀ|ρ]γύριον τ[ὸ] κοινὸ[ν ὃ παρακατέθεν?]|το αὐτῶι οἱ ἐρανιστ[αί---], ortho]s kai dikai[os diecheirise to ar]gyrion t[o] koinon ho parakatethento autoi hoi eranist[ai]. Equally vague is the reference to an oath in l. 9, κατὰ τὸν ὅρκον ὃν ὤμοσεν, kata ton horkon hon omosen, sworn by an unknown person, perhaps related to the performance of his duties.


i. Treasury/Funds There is a rather vague reference to common funds in ll. 2-5: ὀ|ρθῶ]ς καὶ δικαί[ως διεχείρισε τὸ ἀ|ρ]γύριον τ[ὸ] κοινὸ[ν ὃ παρακατέθεν?]|το αὐτῶι οἱ ἐρανιστ[αί], [ortho]s kai dikai[os diecheirise to arg]yrion t[o] koino[n ho parakatethen]to autoi hoi eranist[ai].
The term ἔρανος, eranos in l. 7 may denote a special fund formed by the members' contributions. For a similar case see also IG II2 1298, l. 20.


ii. Gender Men
Note Θέων Αἰσχυλίωνος ἰσοτελής Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (35).
Διονύσιος, Athenian Onomasticon s.v. (950).
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status One is a foreign resident (metic) exempted from the payment of the particular duty (metoikion).
The other remains unidentified.


iii. Worship On the basis of the divinities associated to each hieropoios (ll. 22-24), one may suppose worship by the group.
Deities worshipped Zeus Saviour (Ζεὺς Σωτήρ, Zeus Soter), ll. 22-23.
Herakles (Ἡρακλῆς), l. 23.
Saviour (Gods) (Σωτῆρες, Soteres), ll. 23-24.
iv. Honours/Other activities Theon is honoured with a praise (ἐπαινέσαι, epainesai, l. 11) and an olive-leaves crown (θαλλοῦ σ|τέφανον, thallou stephanon, ll. 13-4) because of his zeal (φιλοτιμία, philotimia) and benevolence (εὔνοια, eunoia). Similarly Dionysios the secretary is honoured in ll. 16-8. The stewards together with the hieropoioi are praised and honoured in ll. 21-5 for their virtue (ἀρετή, arete) and zeal (φιλοτιμία, philotimia).


ii. Poland concordance Poland A33
iii. Bibliography Baslez, M.-F. (2006), ‘Entraide et mutualisme dans les associations des cités grecques à l’époque hellénistique’ in M. Molin (ed.), Les régulations sociales dans l’antiquité (Actes du colloque d’Angers 23 et 24 mai 2003). Rennes: 157-68.
Mikalson, J. (1998), Religion in Hellenistic Athens. Los Angeles: 150.
Pakkanen, P. (1996), Interpreting early Hellenistic religion. A study based on the mystery cult of Demeter and the cult of Isis. Helsinki.
Wilhelm, A. (2006), ‘Athenische Urkunden. Teil VI.’ in , H. Taueber (ed.), A. Wilhelm. Kleine Schriften III. Schriften aus Adolf Wilhelm Nachlass. Wien: 272 no. 45.


i. Private association Certain
Note The association displays all the hallmarks of a private association: distinct name, membership, organization, property and durability.