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Last Updated on 26 Jan 2018

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

CAPInv. 332: Salaminioi


i. Geographical area Attica with Salamis
ii. Region Attica
iii. Site Piraeus


i. Full name (original language) Σαλαμίνιοι (IG II2 1290, 3-4; SEG 52: 135, 8, 13.)
ii. Full name (transliterated) Salaminioi


i. Date(s) 334 - m. iii BC


ii. Name elements
Ethnic:Salaminioi: The name of the group suggests common origin from Cypriot Salamis.


i. Source(s) IG II2 1290 (mid 3rd century BC)
SEG 52: 135 (334/3 BC)
Note IG II2 1290: The inscription is written stoichedon.
Ed. pr. Athenaion 8 (1879) 138 no. 1 (ΑΡΜΑ 1, 73 no. 363). MDAI(A) 4 (1879) 266.

SEG 52: 135: The inscription is written stoichedon.Ed. pr. Steinhauer 2001: 549.

Cf. SEG 16: 109; SEG 52: 1898; SEG 55: 31.
Online Resources IG II2 1290
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script IG II2 1290: Fragmentary Greek honorary decree for a certain ---ides, son of Euboulos of Salamis.
SEG 52: 135: Greek honorary decree and award of proxenia for Theodoros son of Theodoros of Leukonoion.
i.c. Physical format(s) IG II2 1290: Fragmentary pedimental stele measuring 0,23x0,15m.
SEG 52: 135: Lower part of a marble stele made of two joining pieces, measuring 0,61x0,39m.
ii. Source(s) provenance IG II2: Found in Piraeus, now in the Epigraphical Museum, EM 7761.
SEG 52: 135: Found in Piraeus (lot of Dikastikon Megaron), now in the Piraeus Museum, no. 4621.


iii. Members Members of the group are called Σαλαμίνιοι, Salaminioi, SEG 52: 135, ll. 7-8.
iv. Officials Steward, [ἐπιμελη]τής, [epimele]tes, IG II2 1290, l. 5. (restored quite plausibly)


ii. Gender Men
Note The surviving members mentioned are men.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status Foreigners


i. Assemblies Meetings were held probably every month, IG II2 1290, ll. 1-2: μηνὸς Ποσιδε|[ῶνος ὑστέρου ἕκτ]ει ἱσταμένου, menos Poside[onos hysterou hekt]ei histamenou.
iii. Worship There is a reference to a celebration of Ἀδώ[ν]ια, Ado[n]ia in IG II2 1290, l. 10 and to sacrifices (θυσ[ίαι], thys[iai]) in IG II2 1290, l. 6.
Deities worshipped Ἀφροδίτη, Aphrodite, IG II2 1290, l. 8.
Ἄδωνις, Adonis, IG II2 1290, l. 10.
iv. Honours/Other activities The association praises (ἐπαινέσαι, epainesai) and bestows a golden crown (χρυσοῦς στέφανος, chrysous stephanos) and the proxenia for his benevolence (εὔνοια, eunoia) towards the members of the group, SEG 52: 135, ll. 5, 9-12.


i. Local interaction Mikalson 1998: 147 n. 26 cannot confidently associate this group with the koinon ton thiasoton of IG II2 1261 (CAPInv. 256).


ii. Poland concordance Poland A66
iii. Bibliography Baslez, M-F. (2001), ‘Entre traditions nationales et intégration: les associations sémitiques du monde grec’ in S. Ribichini, M. Rocchi, and P. Xella (eds.), La questione delle influenze vicino-orientali sulla religione greca. Stato degli studi e prospettive della ricerca (Atti del Colloquio Internazionale Roma: 20-22 maggio 1999). Roma: 235-47.
Mikalson, J. (1998), Religion in Hellenistic Athens. Los Angeles.
Pakkanen, P. (1996), Interpreting early Hellenistic religion. A study based on the mystery cult of Demeter and the cult of Isis. Helsinki.
Stainhauer, G. (2001), ‘Proxeniko psephisma Salaminion apo ton Peiraia’ in A. Alexandre, and I. Leventi (eds.), Kallisteuma. Meletes pros timen tes Olgas Tzachou-Alexandri. Athena: 549-58.


i. Private association Certain
Note The group displays all the features (procedures, officials) that distinguish an association from a mere occasional grouping.