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Last Updated on 01 Jul 2019

Author: Aitor Blanco Perez

CAPInv. 387: hoi mystai tou Dios Saouazou


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Pisidia
iii. Site Ormeleis


i. Full name (original language) οἱ μύσται τοῦ Διὸς Σαουάζου (Milner 1998: 48-9, no. 114, ll. 2-3)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hoi mystai tou Dios Saouazou


i. Date(s) 205 / 206 AD


ii. Name elements
Theophoric:Dios Saouazou


i. Source(s) Milner 1998: 48-9, no. 114 (205 / 206 AD)
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Dedication of the mystai for their salvation, the Ormeleis, Annia Faustina and Tiberius Claudius with list of members. Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) Quadrangular basis originally surmounted by a round column now broken off (sic Sterrett 1888: 53)
ii. Source(s) provenance Karamanlı. One of the two stones acted as gatepost of the first mosque on the Tefenni side


iv. Officials The official positions epitropoi (ll. 6-7), pragmateutai (l. 8) and misthotai (l. 10) mentioned are related to the administration of these senatorial estates owned by the Ummidii (cf. Corsten 2005: 11-3).
Kidromas II would have acted as priest [ἱερα]τεύοντος, [hiera]teuontos (l. 14), which probably indicates that he was responsible for the cultic activities of this association together with his wife Elpis. On the side B of the stone, his son Aurelius Kidromas III appears as ἱερεὺς Διὸς Σαυαζίου, hiereus Dios Sauaziou together with his wife Artemis. Another inscription dating to AD 279/80 (Sterret 1888: 91-2, no. 59) records the preparation of a bomos by Aur. Menis II for the fellow-priests of Zeus. Even though both later testimonies attest the survival of the priesthood, the association of mystai is not mentioned in any of them.


i. Number 15 names are recorded in nominative case which undoubtedly correspond to the mystai. Among them, we find two priests, one of Hermes and one of Dionysos.
ii. Gender Men
Note The only two women recorded in the surviving list are mentioned because of their marital relation to two officials. They are referred to just by single names and without the patronymics appearing in the case of the male members.
iv. Status All the mystai and the priest are freeborn, none of whom possesses Roman citizenship. The managers of the estate, by contrast, seem to be slaves (Corsten 2005: 11).


iii. Worship This association comprises mystai of Zeus Sabazios and a priest probably related to his cult is attested. Priests of other deities such as Hermes and Dionysos could belong to the association.
Deities worshipped Zeus Sabazios
iv. Honours/Other activities The association prepares this inscription for their salvation, that of the Ormeleian people (ὑπὲρ σωτηρίας αὐτῶν καὶ τοῦ δήμου Ὀρμηλέων, hyper soterias auton kai tou demou Ormeleon, ll. 3-4) and the owners of the senatorial estate: Annia Faustina and Ti. Claudius.


i. Local interaction The mystai of Zeus Sabazios brought apparently together people of the three different tracts into which the senatorial estate would be divided. Each of these divisions would be controlled by a pragmateutes under the supervision of a single epitropos. The free people living in the estate would constitute the demos of Ormeleis. Even if these Pisidian lands seems to lay within the large territory of Kibyra, the interaction of this people with northern Lycia would have been limited (Corsten 2005).


i. Comments The date was inscribed on the stone according to the era of the Kibyratis.
ii. Poland concordance Poland Β446a
iii. Bibliography Corsten, T. (2005), ‘Estates in Roman Asia Minor: The Case of Kibyratis’, in S. Mitchell and C. Katsari (eds.), Patterns in the Economy of Roman Asia Minor, Swansea: 1-51.
Milner, N.P. (1998), An Epigraphical Survey in the Kibyra- Olbasa Region conducted by A. S. Hall. Oxford.
Sterrett, J.R.S. (1888), ‘An Epigraphical Journey in Asia Minor’, Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 2: 38-45.


i. Private association Certain
Note Even though these mystai are only explicitly attested in one inscription, the detailed list of subscribers and honourees in this testimony confirms its significance for the local population of the Ormeleis. Moreover, it would be difficult to prepare such a detailed inscription without the structures of a private association.