|i.||Geographical area||Western Asia Minor|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/418Download as
Last Updated on 09 Jul 2019
CAPInv. 418: linyphoi
|i.||Full name (original language)||λίνυφοι (I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d, l. 1)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||linyphoi|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
σύστημα, systema: I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d, ll. 10, 12-13, 13-14.
σύνοδος, synodos in I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d, l. 16 probably means ‘meeting’ of the associations and not ‘association’.
For the meaning "guild" of the word systema cf. Drew-Bear 1980, p. 521: it is attested in this sense also
by literary sources, and it came to be employed in legal language as the technical translation of the Latin
I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d (301 AD)
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Endowment of vineyards and grape-presses to the citizens and to 6 associations by a private citizen. Greek.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||marble plaque|
|ii.||Leadership||cf. τοῖς [προεστῶσιν] ἐν ταῖς συνόδοις, tois [proestosin] en tais synodois, I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d, l. 15-16. Proestotes is a usual name for the president of a guild.|
|vi.||Laws and rules||The association has some rules concerning a donation which it has received. Cf. VIII. iv.|
VIII. PROPERTY AND POSSESSIONS
|iii.||Income||The association has yearly revenue to be produced by the vineyard received by endowment (cf. VIII. iv.).|
The association, the association of linen weavers and four other associations of the city receives by means
of endowment by a private citizen 1500 denarii and one grape-press (the one to the south, being the north one donated to the community of citizens).
The city received a vineyard and the six associations probably another one (the text is damaged).
The reeds that successive epimeletai are to plant in the landed property (also conveyed by the foundation) are to be divided equally between the vineyards.
The press belonging to the six guilds is to be worked by each guild in turn according to an order determinated every year by lot cast in meeting of the guild's chief officers.
No guild has the authority to trample the grapes before the lot is cast; if any of them does, it will pay a fine of 10.000 denarii.
The city and the six guilds are to share equally the jars which are in place (being the jars probably large ceramic containers buried in the earth with only their mouths visible).
The guild must engrave a stele with the dispositions stated by the donor.
Cf. Drew-Bear (1980): 515-523 for a detailed comment on these dispositions and for parallels in literary sources as well as in papyri.
|i.||Assemblies||ἐν ταῖς συνόδοις, en tais synodois (I.Eph(esos) VII.2 3803d, l. 16) probably means the assemblies of the guilds, in this case to decide common questions.|
|i.||Local interaction||Through the endowment made by a private citizen, the association has interaction with other five associations (one of them being the guild of wool sellers) and with the city.|
|i.||Comments||The fact that the mentioning of the associations in the act of foundation is comparable to the one of official institutions is evidence of the important political and social sphere of the guilds in Hypaipa.|
Keil, J., and von Premerstein, A. (1914), Bericht über eine dritte Reise in Lydien ausgeführt 1911, (Denkschriften Akad. Wien Band 57.1). Wien: 67, no. 84.
Drew-Bear, Th. (1980), ‘An Act of Foundation at Hypaipa’, Chiron 10: 509-36.
Dittmann-Schöne, I. (2001), Die Berufsvereine in den Städten des kaiserzeitlichen Kleinasiens. Regensburg, III.6.1.
|Note||It is a craft association|