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Last Updated on 28 Feb 2017

Author: Sophia Zoumbaki

CAPInv. 436: xynoi daitymones


i. Geographical area Peloponnese with Adjacent Islands
ii. Region Arcadia
iii. Site Megalopolis


i. Full name (original language) ξυνοὶ δαιτυμόνες (IG V.2 461, l. 6)
ii. Full name (transliterated) xynoi daitymones


i. Date(s) ii BC


ii. Name elements
Other:xynoi daitymones (collective activity) Their name indicates their common banquets


i. Source(s) IG V.2 461 (ii BC)
Online Resources IG V.2 461
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script An epigram in Greek commemorating the benefactions of Megakleia, daughter of Damokrates, a priestess of Aphrodite, who built a wall around the temple of the goddess and a house for the xynoi daitymones.
i.c. Physical format(s) A slab, whose upper part was formed in an arc for a second use in a later period.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in a field between the village Sinani and the river Helisson.


ii. References to buildings/objects ναοῖο πέριξ εὐερκέα θρινκόν, naoio perix euerkea thrinkon, l. 5.
ο̣[ἰ]κία, o[i]kia, l. 6


iv. Officials It is uncertain whether Megakleia, who was a priestess of Aphrodite, functioned as a member of an association.


iii. Worship It is not certain, whether xynoi daitymones are to be regarded as an association and moreover whether they conduct worship. If they are connected with a cult, it could be the cult of Aphrodite, as their oikia is mentioned together with a temple of Aphrodite. It is remarkable that Aphrodite bears the definition xenia, l. 4 [τᾶς] ξενίας [ἁγνὰ]ν Κύπριδος ἱροπόλον, [tas] xenias [hagna]n Kypridos hiropolon, while Megakleia is praised for her virtue of euxenia, l. 2 [ξε]ῖνε Μεγακλείας αἴνεσον εὐξενίαν̣, [xe]ine Megakleias aineson euxenian.
Deities worshipped Aphrodite (?)


i. Local interaction If the group forms an association, they had a considerable impact on a local level, as the priestess of Aphrodie, who seems to be a prominent woman, takes care of their oikia, which was perhaps near the temple of the goddess.


i. Comments It is questionable whether the xynoi daitymones is the definition of an association: they may have had common meals, as their name, "diners", may imply. The fact that their oikia is mentioned together with a temple of Aphrodite, is an indication of a connection with the cult.

Megakleia was a descendant of Philopoemen, as she advertises in the inscription. In the comments of IG V.2 461 a possible stemma of her family is restored.
van Bremen (1983: 223) interprets the xynoi daitymones as "public guests". This interpretation does thus not regard the group as an association.
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 28
iii. Bibliography Bielman, A. (2002), Femmes en public dans le monde hellénistique. IVe - Ier s. av. J.-C. Paris: 31.
Momigliano, A. (1992), ‘Men and women in Roman religion’, in: R. Di Donato (ed.), Nono contributo alla storia degli studi classici e del mondo antico, Roma: 577-92, esp. 585.
van Bremen, R. (1983), ‘Women and wealth’, in: Α. Cameron and A. Kuhrt (eds.), Images of women in Antiquity, London: 223-42.


i. Private association Possible
Note It is uncertain, whether the xynoi daitymones are to be regarded as an association, since they are not defined as such and there is no indication that they form an organized group with a certain structure and a regular activity. The only possible indication of regular meetings and common meals is the house, the construction of which was financed by Megakleia. van Bremen (1983: 223) interprets them indeed as "public guests".