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Last Updated on 27 May 2019

Author: Georgios Zachos

CAPInv. 437: thiasos of Amandou


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region West Lokris
iii. Site Physkos


i. Full name (original language) θίασος Ἀμάνδου (IG IX.12.3 670, l. 2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) thiasos of Amandou


i. Date(s) m. ii AD


ii. Name elements
Personal:It probably derives from the name of the founder, Amandos.
iii. Descriptive terms θίασος, thiasos
κοινόν, koinon
Note thiasos: IG IX.12.3 670, l. 2
koinon: IG IX.12.3 670, ll. 4-5, 6, 12, 17, 20


i. Source(s) IG IX.12.3 670 (m. ii AD)
Note Other editions:
LSCG Suppl.: 318-20, no. 181
Jaccottet II no. 153 (erroneously placed with Asian inscriptions)
GRA I no. 61
Online Resources IG IX.12.3 670
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Law, in Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) Limestone slab, 0.433 x 0.33-0.335 x 21, broken at the bottom
ii. Source(s) provenance Malandrino village, in the fence of E. Litra's house.


i. Founder(s) Possibly a person called Amandos, since the association is likely to be named after him.
Gender Male
vi. Laws and rules A law that has been ratified in two meetings:
a) The members had to pay an entrance fee of 14 oboloi (ll. 4-6)
b) The association had to provide three lamps (ll. 6-7)
c) A maenad is not to attack or abuse another maenad and similarly a boukolos is not to attack or abuse another boukolos, otherwise a fine is incurred or each utterance of 4 drachmas (ll. 7-13)
d) If a member of the association is in the town and does not attend a meeting, then the same fine is incurred (ll. 13-15)
e) Anyone who does not assemble on the mountain owes a fine of 5 drachmas (ll. 16-17)
f) A maenad who does not attend the holy night owes a fine (ll. 17-19)
g) The same fine is incurred by the boukolos (ll. 20-21)
viii. Obligations The thiasos had to provide three lamps (ll. 6-7)
All the members were obliged to to attend the synodoi of the association (l. 15), the oreibasia (ll. 16-17) and maenads the hiera night (ll. 17-19)


i. Treasury/Funds Entrance fee (14 oboloi) (ll. 4-6)
Various fines (ll. 7-21)


ii. Gender Men
Note Maenads and herdsmen
iii. Age Adults
Note They were probably adult, since they pay fines.


i. Assemblies synodoi are mentioned (ll. 3, 14)
ii. Meetings and events oreibasia (l. 16)
hiera night (ll. 17-18)
iii. Worship From the name of the members, it appears that the association worshiped Dionysos Bakcheios and Dionysos Tauros
Deities worshipped Dionysos


iii. Bibliography Beard, M., North, J., and Price, S. (2003), Religions of Rome: A Sourcebook. vols. 2. rev. edn. Cambridge: 291-2, no. 12.1c.
Heinrich, A. (1978), ‘Greek Maenadism from Olympias to Messalina’, HSPh 82: 121-60, esp. 155-6.
Jaccottet, A.-F. (2003), Choisir Dionysos. Les associations dionysiaques ou la face cachée du dionysisme. 2 vols. Zürich.
Kloppenborg, J.S., and Ascough, R.S. (2011), Greco-Roman Associations: Texts, Translations, and Commentary. I. Attica, Central Greece, Macedonia, Thrace. Göttingen.


i. Private association Certain
Note It was called after the proper name of the founder (Amandos) and there is no evidence that the group has a public status
Also, cf. Heinrich 1978: 155.
ii. Historical authenticity The historical authenticity is indisputable because of the relevant inscription.