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Last Updated on 03 Mar 2017
CAPInv. 718: he speira
|i.||Full name (original language)||ἡ σπεῖρα (I.Perinthos 280, l. 2)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||he speira|
|i.||Date(s)||i - iii AD|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|iii.||Descriptive terms||σπεῖρα, speira|
|Note||speira: I.Perinthos 280, l. 2|
I.Perinthos 280 (i - iii AD)
Ι.Perinthos 313 (after 212 AD)
|Note||IPerinthos 313 = SEG 48: 923|
I.Perinthos 313 and AGRW ID 14184
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||
(Both texts are in Greek)
I.Perinthos 280: Dedication
I.Perinthos 313: Dedication?
I.Perinthos 280: Two fragments from the rim of a large marble wine vessel. Relief decoration, depicting Pan and Dionysos.
I.Perinthos 313: Marble base with cyma.
I.Perinthos 280: Found at a distance of appr. 2 km SE of the village of Yeniçiftlik, by the Kokonartepe tumulus.
I.Perinthos 313: Found betwen Bağlar Deresi and Yeniçiftlik, at a distance of appr. 5 km NW of Perinthos, see I.Perinth, pl. V.
VI. BUILT AND VISUAL SPACE
I.Perinthos 280 has been found at a small distance from the Kokonartepe tumulus.
The site, where I.Perinthos 313 has been found, could have been a vicus of Perinthos' territory as indicated by the presence of inscriptions (see I.Perinthos 278-285) and sarcophagi, see I.Perinthos, p. 67.
|iv.||Officials||σπείραρχος, speirarchos (I.Perinthos 313, l. 7)|
|Note||On the evidence of the two known cases.|
The dedicant of I.Perinthos 280 bore a name (or a cognomen) of Greek origin.
The deceased of I.Perinthos 313 was a Roman citizen, owing his citizenship to the Constitutio Antoniniana, as indicated by the nomen Aurelius.
|ii.||Meetings and events||The wine vessel (I.Perinthos 280) points to symposia.|
|iii.||Worship||The group likely worshiped Dionysos, on the evidence of the term σπεῖρα, speira, and of the relief decoration on I.Perinthos 280.|
|Deities worshipped||Dionysus (?)|
A date during the i-ii cent. AD is suggested for I.Perinthos 280 on the evidence of letter forms; but I.Perinthos 313 is securely dated after 212 AD, due to the presence of the nomen Aurelius.
There are four inscriptions at Perinthos and its territory mentioning a σπεῖρα, speira, or a σπείραρχος, speirarchos: CAPInv. 710 (for the σπεῖρα, speira, of σπαργανιῶται, sparganiotai), CAPInv. 720 (sibylline oracle with mention of a σπείραρχος, speirarchos) and the two presented here. Due to inadequate information regarding their finding place, only the last two can be tentatively associated.
|Note||The term σπεῖρα, speira, points to an association devoted to the cult of Dionysos.|