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Last Updated on 01 Dec 2018

Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. 726: U-EGY-016


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Arsinoites (00)
iii. Site Kerkeosiris (?)


i. Association with unknown name U-EGY-016


i. Date(s) 102 BC


iii. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos
Note Synodos: P.Tebt. I 119, ll. 25, 30


i. Source(s) P.Tebt. I 119 (105-101 BC; the specific passage where the synodos is mentioned is dated after 10 Pachon = 25 May 102 BC)
Online Resources P.Tebt. I 119
TM 3755
i.a. Source type(s) Papyrological source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Fragmentary Greek account of receipts and expenses.
i.c. Physical format(s) Papyrus.


iii. Income The writer of the account declares to receive for the synodos (ὥστε εἰς τὴν σύνοδον, hoste eis ten synodon) payment for the price of corn (?) on the occasion of or for the festivals of Sarapis (the Sarapieia: l. 25). Furthermore, the synodos is said to have received the list of catoecs, while seven-arourae cleruchs are also mentioned as well as the term ἱερωνία, hieronia, the meaning of which is uncertain (ll. 30-32). The passage is of unclear interpretation.


iv. Honours/Other activities The synodos is said to receive some payments during or for the festivals of Sarapis (Σαραπ̣ιή̣οις, Sarapieiois: l. 25): it seems clear that the association was somewhat active in those celebrations.


i. Comments It is uncertain whether this synodos is the same as the one appearing in l. 22 of the same text (CAPInv. 725). The editors of P.Tebt. I 119 do not comment much on this fragmentary text, but laconically seem to take this synodos to be a synodos of cleruchs, no doubts from the puzzling wording ἀπέσχη(κεν) ἡ σύνοδος τὸ τῶν (ἑπταρούρων) καὶ | ἐπικεφάλαιο̣ν̣ τῶν κατοίκων, apescheken he synodos to ton eptarouron kai epikephalaion ton katoikon. The reading of the neuter definite article τό, to after synodos is certain from the photo of the papyrus and τῶν (ἑπταρούρων), ton eptarouron cannot grammatically be linked to synodos, unless one is to suppose the article τό, to to be an error by the scribe. The fact that the synodos received a list of catoecs and (possibly) of seven-arourae cleruchs points towards the possibility that the association was somewhat connected with these social groups. However, there is no certain evidence to maintain that the association was a synodos of cleruchs or catoecs (pace Rostovtzeff 1941: II 733 and n. 151 and San Nicolò 1972: I 181).
iii. Bibliography Rostovtzeff, M. (1941), The social and economic history of the Hellenistic world, Oxford.
San Nicolò, M. (1972), Ägyptisches Vereinswesen zur Zeit der Ptolemäer und Römer. 2nd edn. München.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology used (synodos) makes it certain that we have here a private association.